Fixing a home loan for three years means you’ll be able to rest easy with the knowledge that your home loan rates and repayments will not creep up during the three year term.
No matter what external economic factors are occurring or what happens with the RBA’s monthly interest rate decision, a three year fixed rate mortgage won’t give you any repayment surprises.
As with any financial product, there are some drawbacks to a fixed home loan, including lack of flexibility and early repayment fees or break costs if you repay your loan before the fixed period ends.
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As the name implies, this is a home loan which has a rate fixed for three years. Most banks and lenders across Australia will offer a three year fixed rate home loan. This is because it’s a great mix of security and length: three years is long enough to reap the benefits of a competitive rate, but short enough to give you the flexibility to change loans if you find that a fixed rate isn’t for you.
Once the three year period ends, two things can happen. Firstly, your loan could revert to the standard variable rate offered by your lender unless you choose otherwise, or secondly, your lender may approach you to fix an interest rate for another term. In most cases your lender will notify you when your fixed period is close to ending so you can make a decision. If they don’t, ensure you set a calendar reminder well before the fixed rate ends so you can decide on what you’re going to do.
How does a three year fixed rate mortgage work?
Each month, the RBA sets a ‘cash rate target’. This, as well as other economic factors, can have a bearing on what your lender decides to do with their home loan rates.
If the rates go down, those with variable rate loans could see their repayments go down too; however, if rates go up, variable rate borrowers could be paying more.
A fixed rate home loan protects borrowers against rising rates. You lock in a rate with your lender, and then for the duration of that term your rate stays the same.
Unfortunately a side effect of this is that a fixed rate home loan is less flexible and has extra fees compared to its variable rate cousin.
They’ll also usually be missing features like 100% offset accounts. If they allow you to make additional repayments these will usually be capped off at somewhere between $10,000 - $30,000 a year, rather than unlimited like most variable rate home loans.
What types of three-year fixed rate home loans are available?
Just like regular variable rate loans, fixed rate home loans come in a range of different types, with these types aimed at different borrowers. It’s important to note too, that three year fixed rate home loans also come in low doc variants to suit those who are self employed, as well as bad credit variants. Keep in mind that these two types of fixed rate home loans might come with higher fees or rates, so ensure you carry out a comparison before applying.
No frills home loan
These are also known as basic home loans, and offer minimal features, meaning you may not be able to enjoy an offset account, redraw facility or extensive access options. Because of this, the lender is able to offer lower rates, and in some cases, lower fees.
Package home loan
Package home loans involve you moving all of your banking over to your lender. This means your credit cards, insurance, savings accounts and transaction accounts. In return for doing this you usually receive fee waivers on your home loan and credit card, discounts off your premium and bonus interest on your savings accounts. You also generally receive a discounted fixed rate. One of the negatives of this type of loan is that you'll usually have to pay an annual fee.
Full-featured home loan
This type of loan sits between no frills and package home loans. It's usually offered with a range of features such as offset accounts and the ability to make additional repayments. It also comes with a range of fees such as application, settlement, legal and valuation fees. Keep in mind, though, that many fixed rate home loans lack these features.
How to compare three year fixed rate home loans
A three year fixed rate home loan can be compared using the same factors as a regular home loan, but there are a few additional points to consider.
Rate - The interest rate isn’t always the most important indication of whether or not a home loan is the best choice for you, but it will have a large bearing on how expensive your repayments will be. Also, keep in mind that the advertised interest rate will not take fees into account, so take a look at the comparison rate too.
Ability to make additional repayments - This won’t be important for all borrowers, but keep in mind that not all fixed rate home loans will allow you to make additional repayments. The ones that do may come with an annual limit, so if you think you’ll be making additional repayments during the year, ensure that your loan will allow you to.
Fees - Compare the establishment, valuation, legal and other upfront costs when comparing three year fixed rate home loans. If the loan you’re interested in applying for is a package home loan these are generally waived and an annual fee is charged, so it’s worth looking into this.
Other features - These may be important depending on what you plan to do with your home loan. These include interest-only repayment options, and the maximum length of the interest-only period; offset accounts and whether they’re 100% or partial offset accounts; and what repayment options the lender will give you.
Watch: Should you go with a fixed or variable rate?
Pros and cons of a three-year fixed rate home loan
Consistent repayments- With a three-year fixed rate mortgage, you can benefit from the security of having consistent repayments, which means you don't have to worry about interest rate rises.
Additional repayments - Many fixed rate home loans today still allow you to make extra payments, although these may be limited to amounts between $10,000 - $30,000 a year.
Loan term- Even if you decide that fixed rate home loans aren’t for you, or rates are cut significantly, in three years you’ll be able to change your rate to a variable rate, or a different fixed rate option which means you aren't locked in for an extended period of time.
Interest rate drop - If lenders start dropping interest rates, your rate will stay the same, meaning you won’t be able to benefit from making lower repayments.
Discharge fees - Unlike other home loans in Australia, fixed rate home loans still charge discharge fees. These can be quite expensive depending on a number of factors.
Frequently asked questions about home loans fixed for three years
Some fixed home loans also give borrowers the chance to pay their interest for the year in advance. This has the benefit of allowing investors to claim some of this interest back as a tax deduction. Ensure you seek the services of an accountant before employing this strategy.
This question depends on you and your lifestyle. It also depends on what you plan to do with your home loan in the future. You can read more about this in our guide.
Yes, some fixed rate loans today allow you to add a 100% offset account to it to help you save in interest.
With a 100% offset account, the whole amount in the offset account offsets the interest on your home loan. For example, $10,000 in your offset account on a home loan of $400,000 will see your interest calculated on only $390,000. A partial offset account won't use the full amount in your offset account. In some cases, it may use 50% of the funds in your account, meaning an offset account with $10,000 on a home loan of $400,000 will see the interest calculated on a loan amount of $395,000 rather than the $390,000 given in the first example.
Marc Terrano is the lead publisher of Points Finder and a co-host of the Pocket Money podcast. He was previously a writer and publisher for home loans at Finder. Marc has a Bachelor of Communications (Journalism) from the University of Technology Sydney. He’s passionate about creating honest and simple reviews and comparisons to help Australians get the best value for their money.
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