What are the top 20 causes of death in Australia?
Coronary heart disease tops the list.
Coronary heart disease is killing more Australians than any other disease, according to a report released by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
The study, Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011, found that of 188 specific diseases it tracked, five ailments accounted for one-third of all life lost over the study period:
- Coronary heart disease
- Lung cancer
- Suicide and self-inflicted injuries
- Bowel cancer
The study analysed the years of life lost (YLL) throughout 2011 and found that two disease groups accounted for the majority of YLL in Australia in 2011:
- Cancers (33% males and 36% females)
- Cardiovascular diseases (23% in both males and females)
The leading cause of death for both men and women, 14% and 10.0% respectively, was coronary heart disease, which was the cause of 12.1% of all deaths in 2011. The top 20 diseases accounted for nearly two-thirds of YLL for males and females.
The study found that men were almost three times more likely than women to die from poisoning and also roughly twice as likely to die in a car accident or from chronic liver disease. Shockingly, men made up 75% of YLL for suicide and self-inflicted injuries.
While women only accounted for 41% of all years of life lost during the study period, the results found that they made up 61% of all instances of dementia and more than half of all occurrences of stroke.
|1||Coronary heart disease||181,678||Coronary heart disease||94,026|
|3||Suicide & self-inflicted injuries||84,178||Breast cancer||63,026|
|8||Poisoning||36,974||Suicide & self-inflicted injuries||27,741|
|9||Chronic liver disease||31,655||Diabetes||22,996|
|12||RTI -- motor vehicle occupants||28,982||Chronic kidney disease||14,965|
|13||Pancreatic cancer||24,347||Unknown primary||14,921|
|14||Melonoma of the skin||21,732||Other malignant cancers||14,446|
|15||Liver cancer||21,523||Chronic liver disease||14,178|
|16||Brain cancers||20,740||Other cardiovascular diseases||13,880|
|18||Oesophageal cancer||18,136||Brain cancers||13,667|
|19||Leukaemia||17,658||Other blood and metabolic||13,367|
|20||Other cardiovascular disease||16,074||RTI–motor vehicle occupants||13,188|
|Top 20 diseases||866,846||Top 20 diseases||612,873|
|All other diseases||458,640||All other diseases||331,742|