Burden

What are the top 20 causes of death in Australia?

Coronary heart disease tops the list, but maybe not for long.

Coronary heart disease is still killing more Australians than any other disease, according to a report released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) titled Causes of Death, Australia 2017. It tracked hundreds of diseases and found that more than one-third of Australian deaths in 2017 can be traced back to these five conditions:

  1. Coronary heart disease
  2. Dementia (eg Alzheimer’s)
  3. Cerebrovascular diseases (eg stroke)
  4. Chronic lower respiratory diseases (eg bronchitis, emphysema and asthma)
  5. Lung cancer

Although coronary heart disease has been the top cause of death for quite a while, dementia is poised to take over that top spot in the coming years. The ABS says that over the last decade, deaths from coronary heart disease have been on the decline while deaths from dementia have been rising dramatically:

Top 20 leading causes of death for males and females

MalesNumber of deaths% of deathsFemalesNumber of deaths% of deaths
Coronary heart disease10,51413%Dementia8,85911%
Lung cancer4,9116%Coronary heart disease8,07610%
Dementia4,8706%Cerebrovascular diseases5,8848%
Cerebrovascular diseases4,3025%Chronic lower respiratory diseases4,0895%
Chronic lower respiratory diseases4,2685%Lung cancer3,3514%
Prostate cancer3,2754%Breast cancer2,8984%
Bowel cancer2,8623%Bowel cancer2,4633%
Lymph cancer2,6603%Flu and pneumonia2,3263%
Diabetes2,5833%Diabetes2,2563%
Self-harm2,3483%Urinary disease1,9583%
Flu and pneumonia1,9432%General heart failure1,9052%
Urinary disease1,6072%Lymph cancer1,8392%
General heart failure1,5822%Accidental falls1,4692%
Pancreatic cancer1,5662%Hypertension1,4672%
Accidental falls1,3132%Heart arrhythmias1,4602%
Skin cancer1,3032%Pancreatic cancer1,4302%
Liver disease1,2952%Ovarian cancer9901%
Liver cancer1,2411%Signs and symptoms of ill-defined conditions9261%
Parkinson's disease1,1421%Aortic valve disease9181%
Signs and symptoms of ill-defined conditions1,0121%Musculoskeletal disease9111%
Top 20 diseases56,59768% Top 20 diseases55,47571%
All other diseases26,26132%All other diseases22,57629%
Total82,858Total78,051

Males and females

In females, dementia has already surpassed coronary heart disease as the number-one killer. Females are more likely than males to die from dementia and cerebrovascular diseases like stroke, whereas males are more likely to die from coronary heart disease and lung cancer.

As for diseases outside of the top five, males are much more likely to die from self-harm like suicide. In fact 75% of all deaths due to self-harm occur in males. In females it’s hypertension that affects them disproportionately, with 63% of all deaths due to hypertension occurring in females.

Then you have the diseases commonly associated with (but not exclusively limited to) a specific gender, like prostate cancer accounting for 4% of male deaths and breast cancer accounting for 4% of female deaths.

Other diseases that commonly lead to death in both males and females are diabetes, pancreatic cancer, flu/pneumonia and accidental falls.

If you're concerned about your health and about the welfare of those close to you, why not consider life insurance. Life insurance can provide your family with peace of mind in the event something happens to you.

Protect your family. Compare life insurance policies today

Name Product Maximum cover Maximum Entry Age Minimum Sum Insured Guaranteed Future Insurability Expiry Age Short Description
$2,000,000
74
$100,000
Yes
99
Join Qantas Life Insurance and earn up to 150,000 Qantas points. T&CS apply including minimum premium and policy hold periods apply to earn points.
$1,000,000
64
$100,000
No
No expiry age as long as premiums are paid
Get a refund of 10% of the premiums you've paid (in the first 12 months) with The Real Reward™.
$15,000,000
69
$0
Yes
99
Cover for pre-existing conditions are assessed on a case by case basis during the application process. You may be subject to an increase in premiums or a specific exclusion.
$1,500,000
69
$0
Yes
99
A simple life insurance product that can offer up to $1,500,000 in a lump sum payment on death or diagnosis of terminal illness.
$1,500,000
64
$100,000
No
No expiry age as long as premiums are paid
Cover up to $1.5 million with Guardian Life Insurance.
$2,000,000
59
$50,000
Yes
99
Get flexible life insurance up to the sum of $2,000,000.
$1,500,000
65
$3,000
No
80
Protect what matters with a new eligible Virgin Life Insurance policy and you can earn up to 40,000 Velocity Points. Ends 31 October 2018. T&C’s apply.
$1,500,000
69
$50,000
Yes
99
Receive a 10% discount on the second person when two applications are submitted at the same time, and both policies are issued.

Compare up to 4 providers

Find low-cost cover with a qualified consultant

Sex
Do you smoke?

An adviser can help you find cover from trusted life insurance brands.

  • Get competitive quotes from up to 10 policies
  • Lower rate of declined claims (according to ASIC)
  • Save time and effort

Lender Logos

Picture: Shutterstock.com

Richard Laycock

Richard is the Insurance Editor at finder, and has been wrangling insurance Product Disclosure Statements for the last 4 years. When he’s not helping Aussies make sense of the fine print, he can be found testing the quality of Aperol Spritzes in his new found home of New York. Richard studied Journalism at Macquarie University and The Missouri School of Journalism, and has a Tier 1 certification in General Advice for Life Insurance. He has also been published in CSO Australia and Dynamic Business.

Was this content helpful to you? No  Yes

Related Posts

You might like these...

Ask an Expert

You are about to post a question on finder.com.au:

  • Do not enter personal information (eg. surname, phone number, bank details) as your question will be made public
  • finder.com.au is a financial comparison and information service, not a bank or product provider
  • We cannot provide you with personal advice or recommendations
  • Your answer might already be waiting – check previous questions below to see if yours has already been asked

Finder only provides general advice and factual information, so consider your own circumstances, or seek advice before you decide to act on our content. By submitting a question, you're accepting our Privacy & Cookies Policy and Terms of Use, Disclaimer & Privacy Policy.
Ask a question
Go to site