With home loan rates low now might be a good time to fix. We explain the pros and cons of fixed and variable loans.
With interest rates comparatively low and mortgage stress an increasing concern for Australians, more borrowers are choosing to fix their rates. So is fixing the right choice for you?
The answer depends on your circumstances and goals as much as current market conditions. Locking in a rate for a number of years isn’t a decision to take lightly. There’s always the risk that you’ll be stuck with a rate much higher if the RBA decides to cut the official cash rate after you fix. There’s also the flip side: you might enjoy a loan with a rate much lower than the variable rate loans available if the RBA raises rates.
You can read ahead learn more about the difference between fixed and variable loans or start comparing loans in the tables below.
Compare fixed and variable rate home loans
How can this page help?
As mentioned, fixed rate mortgages differ from variable rate loans in three main ways: rates, fees and features.
- Rates. A fixed rate won’t change over the course of the agreed term. This means if you lock in a rate for three years your repayments will not change. This is useful if you’re sticking to a tight budget, or if you’re an investor looking to guarantee your cash flow won’t decrease over the next few years.
- Fees. Fees can differ depending on your lender and the loan type, but one fee that is specific to fixed rate loans is the break cost. Break costs are charged when you exit a fixed length before the term is up. Because your bank itself borrows money from various funding sources when providing you with your loan, break costs are calculated using the rate your lender paid for your funds compared to the rate you locked in. They also take into account how long your fixed term still had until completion, and the loan size.
- Features. Variable loans are more likely to come with features like offset accounts. Fixed rate loans typically come with fewer features and often limit your ability to make additional repayments. Most fixed rate loans will either not allow extra repayments, or limit this to a set amount each year - usually between $10,000 - $20,000.
If you listen to advertisements from banks and other lenders, it’s always a good time to fix. Advertisements for fixed mortgages play on two fears - the fear of rates rising to a point where you can’t afford repayments anymore, or the fear that you’ll miss out on savings if you don’t lock in a great fixed rate before rates rise.
Here are a few ways of finding out if you should fix:
- Check our RBA page. Our monthly survey collates data from the top economists and commentators in the country. They’ll regularly drop hints about where they think interest rates will be in the medium to long term. You can use this to find out what they think will happen to the cash rate, and therefore whether you should fix in a good rate or wait for further rate cuts before fixing.
- Do you plan on making additional repayments towards your loan? As mentioned, fixed rate home loans generally don’t allow you to put extra repayments on your home loan, which can reduce your loan term and the interest payable. If you think you’ll want to put extra money towards your loan during the fixed term, it may be better to seek a variable rate home loan or choose a fixed rate home loan which allows additional repayments.
- Are you happy keeping your property for the length of the fixed term? A lot can happen in the space of a year, let alone five. Keep in mind that if you exit a fixed home loan, you can be liable for break costs which can cost thousands. If you’re thinking of selling your property in the short term, a fixed rate home loan might not be the best choice for you, as you might be required to pay these break costs.
The length of time you fix for should take into account your lifestyle choices, such as whether you intend to sell your property over the course of the next few years, and whether or not you intend to put more of your income towards making loan repayments.
Economic information should also have a bearing on how long you fix for. If many leading economists believe rates will rise within the year, there’s a good possibility that this could happen. In reality, forecasting rates is difficult and depends on a range of complex factors, meaning it’s never completely reliable.
You might also want to obtain the advice of an experienced accountant, mortgage broker or financial planner, as they can help you work this out by examining interest rate trends and other economic data.
If you’ve decided fixed rate home loans are right for you, a comparison should take into account the following:
|Rates||You’ll want to compare both the advertised rate, and the comparison rate, which will take into account some of the fees you’ll have to pay with these loans into the rate. Rates will have a direct influence on the size of your repayments.|
|Fees||Home loans can come with a range of fees including application fees, legal fees, settlement fees, annual or monthly fees and valuation fees. Compare these when viewing different home loans.|
|Features||Fixed rate home loans generally have less features than variable home loans. It’s still a good idea to find out if you want a 100% offset account or the ability to make additional repayments, as well as a redraw facility, before you start comparing home loans.|
If you’re new to fixed home loans, one way to try them out first is with a split rate. This feature basically allows you to split your home loan into two or more portions and then choose a combination of fixed and variable rates for these portions.
This could mean you have a small portion of your loan using a fixed rate, and then have the remainder calculated using a variable rate.
Keep in mind that some lenders may have minimum amounts you can split your loan into, and might also limit the number of times you can split your home loan. They might also charge fees for splitting your home loan.
As mentioned above, it’s a good idea to speak to a broker, accountant or financial planner before taking out a split rate home loan.
Fixed home loans can offer a range of benefits for all types of borrowers. Just be sure to seek adequate advice before signing on the dotted line.