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Car safety ratings

Find out how safety is measured for new cars and the testing process used by the Australian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP).

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Safety is one of the most important factors to consider when you're buying a new car. Luckily for drivers across the world (including in Australia), there is a safety rating score which tells us exactly how safe a vehicle is before we buy it.

The Australasian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP) rates cars from 1 to 5 in terms of safety, with a 5-star rating for the safest vehicles tested.

If you’re buying a new vehicle and want to know what level of protection that car would offer in a collision or other accident, the ANCAP safety rating provides a simple guide for comparing different cars.

What is ANCAP?

ANCAP is the leading independent vehicle safety organisation in Australia and New Zealand. It has been operating since 1992 and aims to provide consumers with clear, objective information about the safety levels of new passenger and light commercial vehicles.

It is also 1 of 9 New Car Assessment Programs (NCAPs) in the world, with others covering markets in Europe, the United States, Japan, Korea, China, Latin America and South East Asia.

ANCAP partners

ANCAP has 21 member organisations around Australia that support the work it does. These organisations include:

  • Australian federal, state and territory governments
  • The New Zealand Government
  • The Transport Accident Commission (TAC)
  • Australian and New Zealand automobile clubs, including NRMA, RACQ and RACV
  • The FIA Foundation (UK)

What are vehicle safety ratings?

Safety ratings are designed to help you make more informed decisions about the vehicle you buy in a simple way. When a car has been tested by ANCAP, it receives a star rating that could help you choose a car. If you want more details or have particular concerns, you can also get details on how it performed in different tests.

ANCAP's safety testing process

ANCAP conducts crash tests on new passenger and light commercial vehicles entering the Australian and New Zealand markets. Each model’s safety levels assessed under identical testing standards and conditions.

ANCAP safety ratings consider the level of protection for drivers, passengers and pedestrians involved in the most common types of crashes, with 4 key areas of assessment:

  1. Adult occupant protection
  2. Child occupant protection
  3. Vulnerable road user protection
  4. Safety assist

As well as crash and impact tests, the assessment also considers safety features and technologies in new vehicles. The ratings are only used to compare vehicles in the same category (small car vs small car, large car vs large car, SUV vs SUV, etc).

Using results from these tests, ANCAP publishes safety ratings using a rating system from 1 to 5 stars, with 1 being the lowest and 5 being the highest. To receive the maximum 5-star ANCAP safety rating, a vehicle must achieve the highest standards in all crash tests and also feature advanced safety assist technologies.

What does the crash testing process involve?

ANCAP uses a number of internationally recognised crash tests and safety assessments carried out by independent specialist laboratories. These tests are designed to mimic the most common real-world crashes and dummies are used to scientifically measure the forces on occupants and pedestrians when such crashes occur.

The tests performed on new vehicles include:

  • Side impact test. Designed to simulate 2 cars colliding at an angle, the side impact test is carried out by ramming a 1,400kg trolley with a crushable aluminium face into the side of the test car at 60km/h.
  • Full-width frontal impact test. This is designed to simulate a head-on crash with another car travelling at the same speed. The test vehicle, which carries 2 adult dummies, travels at 50km/h into a solid wall with no deformable barrier.
  • Oblique pole side impact test. This test is designed to simulate an accident where a car crashes into a fixed object, such as a tree or pole. It’s conducted by propelling the test car sideways at a speed of 32 km/h at a 75-degree angle into a rigid pole aligned with the driver’s head.
  • Whiplash test. Designed to assess head and neck injuries resulting from a rear-impact collision, this test sees the car’s seat mounted to a test sled. The sled is then propelled forward to simulate a stationary vehicle being hit from behind.
  • Child occupant protection tests. This testing uses dummies that represent a 6 year old and a 10 year old with the required seating and restraints. The dummies are put in place and then their safety is assessed using frontal impact and side impact tests, as well as inspections.

What car safety technology does ANCAP consider?

Car safety ratings used to focus on airbags, seatbelts and other passive safety features. However, recent advances in automotive technology have seen new cars fitted with advanced safety assist technologies that can actively help drivers avoid a collision.

As a result, ANCAP safety ratings also take into account the inclusion of safety equipment and technologies, including:

  • Electronic stability control (ESC)
  • Antilock braking systems (ABS)
  • Autonomous emergency braking (AEB)
  • Lane departure warning (LDW)
  • Blind spot monitoring (BSM)
  • Fatigue monitoring systems (FMS)

ANCAP car safety ratings explained

The higher the ANCAP safety rating, the safer a car is. In fact, research has shown that you have twice the chance of being killed or seriously injured in a 3-star ANCAP safety-rated car compared to a 5-star ANCAP safety-rated car.

But what exactly does each star rating mean for the driver and passenger in the event of a collision? Here is a breakdown of the scoring system based on ANCAP's evaluation criteria and how much a vehicle needs to get to receive five stars.

Evaluation areaWhat is evaluatedAssessments included and their scoresMaximum possible scoreMinimum % to get 5 stars
Adult occupant protectionProtection of adults in front and second row in vehicle crashes.
  • Frontal impact MPDB: 8
  • Frontal impact (full width): 8
  • Side impact (AMDB): 6
  • Side impact (oblique pole): 6
  • Side impact (far side): 4
  • Whiplash (front): 3
  • Whiplash (rear): 1
  • Rescue and extrication: 4
4080%
Child occupant protectionProtection of children in back-seat restraints and ability to accommodate restraints.
  • Dynamic tests (front and side): 24
  • Child restraint installation: 12
  • Vehicle-based assessment: 13
4980%
Vulnerable road user protectionAbility to avoid or reduce impact to pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists and to minimise injury to struck pedestrians or cyclists.
  • Head impact (adult, child): 12
  • Head impact (cyclist): 6
  • Leg impacts (upper and lower): 18
  • AEB/AES (pedestrian): 7
  • AEB (pedestrian reverse): 2
  • AEB/AES (cyclist): 9
  • AEB (motorcycle): 6
  • LSS (motorcycle): 3
6370%
Safety assistPresence and effectiveness of safety technologies.
  • Occupant status (Seatbelt reminders, driver monitoring): 3
  • Speed assistance system: 3
  • AEB Interurban/AES (car-to-car rear): 4
  • AEB/AES Junction Assist and car-to-car crossing: 4
  • AEB/AES car-to-car (head-on): 1
  • LSS (car-to-car): 3

18

70%

Check your car's ANCAP safety rating

This table was last updated on 14 Jul 2024. There are 236 cars included in the ANCAP safety ratings.
Loading ratings...
Car Make and ModelVariantManufactured DateRating
GWM Tank 500 All Hybrid variants Dec 2023 - onwards 5
Chery Tiggo 8 Pro Max All variants (see Technical Report) Apr 2024 - onwards 5
Mitsubishi Triton All dual cab variants Nov 2023 - onwards 5
Toyota C-HR All variants exc. GR Sport (see ANCAP technical report) Oct 2023 - onwards 5
Subaru Solterra All variants (see Technical Report) Nov 2023 - onwards 5
Toyota bZ4X All variants (see Technical Report) Nov 2023 - onwards 5
Audi Q4 e-tron New Zealand variants Nov 2022 - onwards 5
Hyundai Kona All variants (see Technical Report) Apr 2023 - onwards 4
Alfa Romeo Stelvio Jan 2024 - onwards -1
BMW iX3 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
BMW X3 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
BMW X4 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Citroen C3 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Ford Mustang Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Jaguar E-PACE Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Jaguar F-PACE Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Jeep Cherokee Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Kia Picanto Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Land Rover Discovery Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Land Rover Range Rover Velar Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Mazda CX-5 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Mazda CX-9 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Mazda MX-5 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Mini Countryman Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Mitsubishi Eclipse Cross Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Renault Koleos Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Skoda Karoq Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Skoda Kodiaq Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Toyota Landcruiser Cab Chassis Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Volkswagen Arteon Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Volkswagen T-Roc Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Volvo XC60 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Audi Q5 Jan 2024 - onwards -1
Chery Tiggo 7 Pro All variants (see Technical Report) Aug 2023 - onwards 5
Mahindra Scorpio All variants (see Technical Report) Apr 2023 - onwards 0
MG 5 All variants (see Technical Report) Mar 2023 - onwards 0
BMW 5 Series All variants (see Technical Report) Jul 2023 - onwards 5
Kia EV9 All variants (see Technical Report) Aug 2023 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz EQE SUV All variants (exc. AMG EQE 53 4MATIC+ SUV) Jan 2023 - onwards 5
Renault Megane E-Tech All variants (see Technical Report) Sep 2023 - onwards 5
Skoda Enyaq New Zealand variants May 2023 - onwards 5
BYD DOLPHIN All variants (see Technical Report) Jun 2023 - onwards 5
BYD SEAL All variants (see Technical Report) Sep 2023 - onwards 5
BMW iX1 See ANCAP Safety Report Jul 2022 - onwards 5
Volkswagen Golf All variants (see Technical Report) Nov 2022 - onwards 5
Lexus RZ See ANCAP Safety Report Feb 2023 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz EQS EQS 450 4MATIC only Jul 2022 - onwards 5
Audi Q8 e-tron See ANCAP Safety Report Sep 2023 - onwards 5
MG 4 Electric 2WD variants Mar 2023 - onwards 5
Chery Omoda 5 All petrol variants Jan 2023 - onwards 5
Volkswagen ID.4 New Zealand variants Apr 2023 - onwards 5
Volkswagen ID.5 New Zealand variants Apr 2023 - onwards 5
Mazda CX-60 All variants Mar 2023 - onwards 5
Jeep Grand Cherokee LWB petrol & SWB PHEV variants Sep 2022 - onwards 5
Jeep Grand Cherokee SWB petrol variants Sep 2022 - onwards 4
Land Rover Discovery Sport All variants excluding PHEV Feb 2022 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz GLC All variants Nov 2022 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz EQE All variants Aug 2022 - onwards 5
Volkswagen Amarok All dual cab variants Nov 2022 - onwards 5
Land Rover Defender 110 Hard Top All 5 door variants Jul 2023 - onwards 5
Opel Astra All petrol variants Sep 2022 - onwards 4
Cupra Born All variants Oct 2022 - onwards 5
Hyundai IONIQ 6 All variants Dec 2022 - onwards 5
Lexus RX All variants Oct 2022 - onwards 5
Alfa Romeo Tonale See ANCAP Safety Report Sep 2022 - onwards 5
Citroen C5 X All variants Jun 2022 - onwards 5
GWM Ora All variants Jan 2023 - onwards 5
BMW i4 All variants Nov 2021 - onwards 4
Peugeot 308 All variants Jun 2022 - onwards 4
Alfa Romeo Giulia Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Audi Q2 Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Hyundai Ioniq Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mercedes-Benz Marco Polo Activity Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mercedes-Benz Valente Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Peugeot 3008 Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Peugeot 5008 Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Ssangyong Tivoli / Tivoli XLV Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Volkswagen Tiguan Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Fiat 500 Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Foton Tunland Jan 2023 - onwards -1
LDV G10 Jan 2023 - onwards -1
LDV V80 Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mahindra Pik-Up Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Maserati Ghibli Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mazda 2 Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mazda CX-3 Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mercedes-Benz V-Class Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mercedes-Benz Vito Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mini Cooper Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mitsubishi ASX Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Mitsubishi Pajero Sport Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Nissan Navara Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Renault Kangoo Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Suzuki Vitara Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Toyota Prado Jan 2023 - onwards -1
Volkswagen Passat Jan 2023 - onwards -1
GWM Tank 300 All variants Sep 2022 - onwards 5
LDV MIFA All variants Nov 2022 - onwards 5
Ford Mustang Mach-E All variants exc. GT Oct 2022 - onwards 5
Honda HR-V All variants Feb 2022 - onwards 4
Volkswagen Caddy Cargo All Cargo variants inc. Crewvan Jul 2022 - onwards 5
Nissan Pathfinder All variants Jul 2022 - onwards 5
BMW X1 See ANCAP Safety Report Jul 2022 - onwards 5
Isuzu D-Max All variants Jul 2022 - onwards 5
Isuzu MU-X All variants Jul 2022 - onwards 5
LDV MIFA 9 All variants Nov 2022 - onwards 5
Mazda BT-50 All variants exc. Thunder & XTR LE Jul 2022 - onwards 5
Fiat 500e All variants Sep 2022 - onwards 4
BYD ATTO 3 All Australian variants May 2022 - onwards 5
Land Rover Range Rover All variants Aug 2021 - onwards 5
Land Rover Range Rover Sport All variants May 2022 - onwards 5
Toyota Corolla Cross All variants Jul 2022 - onwards 5
Nissan X-Trail All variants Aug 2022 - onwards 5
Kia Seltos All variants Nov 2022 - onwards 5
Opel Corsa All variants Oct 2022 - onwards 5
Opel Mokka All variants May 2022 - onwards 4
Nissan Qashqai All variants Jun 2022 - onwards 5
BYD ATTO 3 All New Zealand variants May 2022 - onwards 5
Volvo C40 Recharge All single and twin motor variants Jul 2022 - onwards 5
GWM Haval Jolion All variants Dec 2020 - onwards 5
Ford Everest All variants May 2022 - onwards 5
Ford Ranger All variants exc. Raptor Feb 2022 - onwards 5
Genesis GV60 All variants May 2022 - onwards 5
Kia Niro All variants Apr 2022 - onwards 5
Tesla Model Y All variants Feb 2022 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz EQB EQB 250 only Aug 2022 - onwards 5
Hyundai Palisade All Australian & New Zealand variants May 2022 - onwards 5
Skoda Fabia All variants Mar 2022 - onwards 5
Kia Sportage All variants (see Technical Report) Sep 2021 - onwards 5
Kia EV6 All variants exc. GT Dec 2021 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz C-Class All variants Jul 2021 - onwards 5
Volkswagen Multivan New Zealand PHEV variants Jan 2022 - onwards 5
Lexus NX All variants Nov 2021 - onwards 5
Volkswagen Polo All Australian variants Feb 2022 - onwards 5
GWM Haval H6 All variants Feb 2021 - onwards 5
Polestar 2 All variants Oct 2021 - onwards 5
Mitsubishi Outlander All ZM variants Jul 2021 - onwards 5
Toyota Landcruiser All 300 Series variants (exc. GR Sport) Jul 2021 - onwards 5
Hyundai Staria All variants May 2021 - onwards 5
Hyundai Staria-Load Automatic variants only May 2021 - onwards 5
BMW iX All variants Jul 2021 - onwards 5
Genesis GV70 All variants (exc. 3.5 litre petrol) Mar 2021 - onwards 5
Volkswagen Caddy All MPV people mover variants Mar 2021 - onwards 5
Citroen C4 All variants Jul 2021 - onwards 4
BMW 4 Series 2.0 litre Convertible variants Mar 2021 - onwards 5
BMW 4 Series 2.0 litre Coupe variants Oct 2020 - onwards 5
GWM Ute All dual cab variants built from Aug 2021 exc. cab chassis & Cannon-XSR Aug 2021 - onwards 5
Hyundai Ioniq 5 All variants exc. IONIQ 5 N Jul 2021 - onwards 5
Hyundai Tucson See ANCAP Safety Report Mar 2021 - onwards 5
Lexus ES All variants Sep 2021 - onwards 5
Toyota Yaris Cross All variants excluding GR Sport Aug 2020 - onwards 5
Subaru Outback All variants Dec 2020 - onwards 5
Toyota Mirai All variants Nov 2020 - onwards 5
Renault Arkana All variants Sep 2021 - onwards 5
Kia Cerato All variants except Cerato S & Cerato Sport Jun 2021 - onwards 5
Kia Cerato S & Sport variants only Jun 2021 - onwards 4
Audi A3 2WD variants only Apr 2021 - onwards 5
Cupra Formentor All variants Mar 2021 - onwards 5
Cupra Leon All variants Mar 2021 - onwards 5
SEAT Leon Sportstourer variant (NZ) Mar 2021 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz EQA All variants May 2021 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz GLA All variants Aug 2020 - onwards 5
Jeep Compass See ANCAP Safety Report Jul 2021 - onwards 5
Toyota Kluger / Highlander All variants Mar 2021 - onwards 5
Toyota Camry All variants Feb 2021 - onwards 5
Genesis G80 All variants (exc. 3.5 litre petrol) Oct 2020 - onwards 5
Genesis GV80 AWD 2.5 litre petrol & 3.0 litre diesel variants only Oct 2020 - onwards 5
Peugeot 2008 All petrol variants Jul 2020 - onwards 5
Kia Carnival Petrol and diesel variants Nov 2020 - onwards 5
SEAT Tarraco New Zealand variants Jun 2019 - onwards 5
Skoda Octavia All variants exc. Scout Apr 2021 - onwards 5
Renault Captur All variants Feb 2021 - onwards 5
BMW 2 Series Gran Coupé All variants Feb 2020 - onwards 5
Kia Sorento All variants Jul 2020 - onwards 5
Land Rover Defender All 110 variants exc. V8 Feb 2020 - onwards 5
Skoda Scala All variants Aug 2019 - onwards 5
Ford Escape All variants Oct 2020 - onwards 5
Audi Q7 All variants Apr 2020 - onwards 5
Jeep Gladiator All variants Jun 2020 - onwards 3
Skoda Kamiq All variants Sep 2019 - onwards 5
Lexus UX All variants Oct 2020 - onwards 5
Ford Puma All variants Sep 2020 - onwards 5
Toyota Yaris All variants excluding GR Yaris & GR Yaris Rallye May 2020 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz GLB GLB 200 & GLB 250 variants Jun 2020 - onwards 5
Nissan Juke All variants Jun 2020 - onwards 5
Volkswagen T-Cross All variants Apr 2020 - onwards 5
Mazda CX-30 All variants Feb 2020 - onwards 5
Jeep Wrangler All variants Nov 2019 - onwards 3
Audi Q8 3.0 litre petrol & diesel variants only Feb 2019 - onwards 5
MG HS All petrol variants (PHEV variants unrated) Dec 2019 - onwards 5
Audi A7 All variants excluding RS7 Oct 2018 - onwards 5
Hyundai Venue All variants Sep 2019 - onwards 4
BMW 1 Series All variants Oct 2019 - onwards 5
Peugeot Partner See ANCAP Safety Report Aug 2019 - onwards 4
Hyundai Nexo All variants Apr 2019 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz EQC All variants Nov 2019 - onwards 5
Toyota Corolla All sedan variants Nov 2019 - onwards 5
Audi A1 All variants Nov 2019 - onwards 5
Toyota Granvia All variants Oct 2019 - onwards 5
Audi Q3 All variants except RS Q3 Oct 2019 - onwards 5
BMW 3 Series 2.0L variants Mar 2019 - onwards 5
Ssangyong Korando See ANCAP Safety Report Oct 2019 - onwards 5
Volvo S60 T5 & B5 variants only Aug 2019 - onwards 5
Volvo V60 T5 variants only Aug 2019 - onwards 5
Toyota Fortuner All variants Oct 2019 - onwards 5
Ford Focus All variants Aug 2019 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz CLA-Class All variants except AMG CLA35 Jul 2019 - onwards 5
Peugeot 508 All variants Feb 2019 - onwards 5
Citroen C5 Aircross All variants Jul 2019 - onwards 4
Audi A6 All variants including S6 Aug 2019 - onwards 5
Toyota Hilux All variants exc. GR Sport (see ANCAP technical report) Jul 2019 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz G-Class G63 and G400d variants only Aug 2018 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz GLE All variants Jun 2019 - onwards 5
Toyota Hiace All van & crew van variants May 2019 - onwards 5
Nissan Leaf 40kWh variants only Jul 2019 - onwards 5
Land Rover Range Rover Evoque All variants Jun 2019 - onwards 5
Mazda 3 All variants Apr 2019 - onwards 5
Toyota RAV4 All variants May 2019 - onwards 5
Volkswagen Touareg All variants May 2019 - onwards 5
Subaru Forester All variants Sep 2018 - onwards 5
Suzuki Jimny 3 door variants Jan 2019 - onwards 3
BMW X5 3.0L diesel & petrol variants only Dec 2018 - onwards 5
Genesis G70 All variants 2018 - onwards 5
Jaguar I-PACE All variants Dec 2018 - onwards 5
Mazda 6 All variants Jun 2018 - onwards 5
Mercedes-Benz A-Class All petrol variants Aug 2018 - onwards 5
MG 3 Jan 2018 - onwards -1
Toyota Corolla All hatch variants (exc. GR) Aug 2018 - onwards 5
Mazda CX-8 All variants Jul 2018 - onwards 5
Volvo XC40 All variants Apr 2018 - onwards 5
Hyundai i30 All wagon variants Jan 2018 - onwards 5
LDV D90 All variants Nov 2017 - onwards 5
MG ZS All variants Dec 2017 - onwards 4
LDV T60 All variants excluding eT60 Aug 2017 - onwards 5
Kia Rio (inc. Stonic) All variants Jan 2017 - onwards 5
Hyundai i30 All hatch variants (exc. i30N) Apr 2017 - onwards 5

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Alex Jeffs is the senior publisher for automotive content at Finder. He has tested vehicles everywhere from Tasmania to Oodnadatta. See full bio

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