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What are Australia’s ethical ETFs?

The best-performing ESG fund returned over 32.91% year-on-year (to 26 March 2024).

For those looking to align their values with their money, an ethical exchange-traded fund (ETF) is a good place to start.

Australia has more than a dozen ethical-themed ETFs listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX). Each follows its own set of environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria, but it is important to note that there is no universal definition for ESG investing. This means that different funds focus on different metrics. While some focus on sustainable practices, others prioritise social impact such as weapons, tobacco or gambling.

This guide explains how 10 popular ESG funds work, how they've performed and what their fees are. If you're looking to invest directly in stocks, check out some of the companies in our guide on renewable energy stocks.

ASX ethical ETFs

Environmentally conscious ETFs
ASX codeFund nameFees (% p.a)1-year returnSector
ETHIBetashares Global Sustainability Leaders ETF0.5932.91%Global shares
VESGVanguard Ethically Conscious International Shares Index ETF0.1831.31%Global shares
HETHBetashares Global Sustainability Leaders ETF - Currency Hedged0.6227.48%Global shares
ESGIVaneck MSCI International Sustainable Equity ETF0.5527.29%Global shares
DZZFBetashares Ethical High Growth ETF0.3922.96%Mixed asset
DGGFBetashares Ethical Diversified Growth ETF0.3918.43%Mixed asset
INESIntelligent Investor Ethical Share Fund (Managed Fund)0.9717.68%Australian shares
GRNVVanEck MSCI Australian Sustainable Equity ETF0.3515.24%Australian shares
DBBFBetashares Ethical Diversified Balanced ETF0.3914.59%Mixed asset
FAIRBetashares Australian Sustainability Leaders ETF0.4913.81%Australian shares
VETHVanguard Ethically Conscious Australian Shares ETF0.1713.76%Australian shares
RARIRussell Investments Australian Responsible Investment ETF0.4512.26%Australian shares
E200SPDR S&P/ASX 200 ESG Fund0.0511.18%Global fixed income
GBNDBetashares Sustainability leaders Diversified Bond ETF - Currency Hedged0.494.48%Global fixed income
IMPQeInvest Better Future Fund (Managed Fund)0.993.16%Australian small/mid-cap shares
VEFIVanguard Ethically Conscious Global Aggregate Bond Index (Hedged) ETF0.262.88%Global fixed income
ERTHBetashares Climate Change Innovation ETF0.65-11.36%Global shares
AEAEAustralian Ethical High Conviction Fund (managed fund)XXAustralian shares
Source: ASX,CBOE | Period ending: 29 February 2024

How do ethical ETFs work in Australia?

Ethical ETFs are investment funds that track companies based on ESG criteria.

Crucially, there are no hard rules around which companies should be added or excluded or what ethical criteria to follow.

In some instances, ESG is based on exclusion. In other cases, it is about working with businesses to reduce their impact.

For example, most ethical funds screen companies that directly engage in the production of fossil fuels. However, as of 2019, there are around half a dozen listed funds in Australia that ignore this factor (Update: These funds have since been delisted from the ASX).

How much exposure a company should be allowed to have to fossil fuels is also up for debate. Some funds such as FAIR and IMPQ exclude Australia's major banks because they finance the oil and mining sector, but most ethical funds do not.

In no particular order, below is a description of the strategies taken by each of the ESG-focused ETFs listed above along with their top stock holdings to help you decide which is right for you.

How to choose a sustainable ETF

Pat Garrett, co-CEO of Six Park online investment management service

When you're looking at sustainable ETFs, you need to be clear on what sustainability criteria or frameworks have been applied. What are the filters being used to construct the ETFs?Photo of Pat Garrett

There are both negative filters, which screen out investments that don't meet sustainability criteria (for example, tobacco companies or fossil fuel producers) and also positive filters which include companies that are, for example, committed to having more women involved at the board level.

Depending on how the ETF is being managed, these filters can become quite subjective and actively managed, which is something to bear in mind when making any decisions. Consider diversification too.

1. BetaShares Global Sustainability Leaders ETF (ETHI)

This holds global company stocks that it identifies as "climate leaders" based on their low carbon footprint. It excludes companies with significant exposure to the fossil fuel industry and screens for those engaged with gambling, tobacco, weaponry, nuclear energy, animal cruelty, pornography, environmental destruction and human rights concerns.

Top holdings: Visa, NVIDIA, Home Depot, Apple, Mastercard

Green ETF of the Year 2022 & 2023: BetaShares Global Sustainability ETF

The Finder Green Awards identify the companies leading the way in sustainability in the sectors that we compare. The BetaShares Global Sustainability ETF (ETHI) won the ETF category through a proactive approach to identifying sustainable investments as well as offering strong financial returns in the judging period.

Compared to some funds that only screen out companies that are bad for the environment, this BetaShares ETF looks for companies that are "climate leaders" who have passed screens. It excludes businesses with direct or significant exposure to fossil fuels or engaged in activities deemed inconsistent with responsible investing.

The finalist in this category was eInvest Better Future Fund.

Finder green awards 2021

2. Vanguard Ethically Conscious International Shares Index ETF (VESG)

This fund holds stocks in some of the world's biggest companies listed in major developed markets. Stocks are diversified across a range of sectors but it excludes those with significant exposure to fossil fuels, alcohol, gambling, tobacco, weaponry, nuclear power and pornography.

Top holdings: Apple, Microsoft Corp, Amazon, Alphabet, NVIDIA

3. BetaShares Australian Sustainability Leaders ETF - Currency Hedged (HETH)

This fund from BetaShares also includes a portfolio of large global stocks which identified as climate leaders, obtaining its investment exposure by investing in the BetaShares Global Sustainability Leaders ETF (ETHI). However, this fund has the currency exposure hedged back to the Australian dollar.

Top holdings: Nvidia, Visa, Mastercard, Apple, Toyota, Home Depot

4. VanEck Vectors MSCI International Sustainable Equity ETF (ESGI)

It's a diversified portfolio of sustainable international companies from developed markets, excluding Australia. It excludes companies that own fossil fuel reserves or earn revenue from oil and gas activities.

Top holdings: Novo Nordisk, Adobe, Home Depot, Amgen, AIA Group

5. Betashares Ethical High Growth ETF (DZZF)

The fund provides investors exposure to a number of asset classes through a single fund. It's been built using Betashares' RIAA-certified ethical ETFs and is designed for investors looking for growth over a longer term (at least 7 years) and with a risk appetite. This fund has a target allocation of 90% growth assets (Australian and international shares) and 10% defensive assets (Australian and international bonds) and is designed for people looking to invest ethically.

Top holdings: Australian and international bonds, Australian and international equities

6. Betashares Ethical Diversified Growth ETF (DGGF)

This fund combines positive climate leadership screens with a wide set of ESG criteria to offer investors exposure to a low-cost, multi-asset portfolio. The fund offers the potential for long-term growth with a target allocation of 70% growth assets and 30% defensive assets.

Top holdings: Global and Australian bonds, Australian equities, international equities

7. InvestSMART Ethical Share Fund Managed Fund (INES)

This actively managed fund screens companies based on a list of problematic industries including non-renewables such as nuclear, coal and oil, as well as gambling, alcohol, tobacco, pornography, junk food, weapons and payday lending. It primarily invests in Australian companies and cash.

Top holdings: (must request from the provider)

8. VanEck Vectors MSCI Australian Sustainable Equity ETF (GRNV)

It's a broad mix of large Australian companies excluding any that own fossil fuel reserves or are engaged in the mining of coal, oil and gas (although it includes mineral miners such as gold). It prioritises those with high ESG ratings in line with global research agency MSCI ESG Research.

Top holdings: Telstra, CSL, Fortescue Metals, Westpac, Transurban

9. Betashares Ethical Diversified Balanced ETF (DBBF)

Built using Betashares' ethical-certified ETFs, this fund aims to provide investors exposure to a range of Australian and global asset classes that include shares and bonds. The fund aims to balance income and capital growth returns over the long term and has a target asset allocation of 50% defensive assets consisting of bonds and 50% growth consisting of shares.

Top holdings: Australian and international bonds, Australian and international equities

10. BetaShares Australian Sustainability Leaders ETF (FAIR)

This is a diverse portfolio of Australian companies involved in sustainable business activities. Exclusions are companies exposed to fossil fuels, tobacco, alcohol, junk foods, gambling, weaponry, nuclear energy, animal cruelty, environmental destruction, pornography, recent significant fines or convictions, human rights concerns and lack of gender diversity at the board level.

Top holdings: Telstra, Brambles, CSL, Goodmans, Suncorp

Compare online platforms to buy ethical ETFs

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Did you know?
You could save $1,046 a year on average in brokerage fees by switching to a more suitable online broker, according to Finder research. You might even save money by having more than one platform, especially if you are investing both in Australia and internationally.
Name Product Brokerage on AU ETFs Inactivity fee Asset class
CMC Invest
Finder Award
CMC Invest
ASX shares, Global shares, Options trading, US shares, ETFs
$0 brokerage on US, UK, Canadian and Japanese markets (FX spreads apply).
Trade over 45,000 shares and ETFs from Australia and 15 major global markets. Plus, buy Aussie shares or ETFs for $0 brokerage up to $1,000 (First buy order of each security, each day - excludes margin loan settled trades).
Tiger Brokers
Tiger Brokers
ASX shares, Global shares, US shares, ETFs
Finder exclusive: 10 no-brokerage US or ASX market trades in the first 180 days + 7% p.a. on uninvested cash with first deposit of any amount, plus US$30 TSLA + US$30 NVDA shares with deposits up to AU$2000. T&Cs apply.
Trade Australian, US and Asian stocks with no minimum deposit on Tiger Broker’s feature-packed platform.
ASX shares, Global shares, Options trading, US shares, ETFs
Get 30 days of $0 brokerage fees when you open your account. Receive $50 of TSLA shares and a $50 trading voucher when you deposit $200. T&Cs apply.
Trade ASX and US stocks and US options, plus gain access to inbuilt news platforms and educational resources. You can also start trading for less with fractional shares.
Saxo Invested
Saxo Invested
ASX shares, Global shares, Options trading, US shares, ETFs
Access 6,400 ETFs over 30 exchanges worldwide
Low fees for Australian and global ETF investing, no inactivity fees and foreign currency accounts available.
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Important: The standard brokerage fee displayed is the trade cost for new customers to purchase $1,000 of either Australian or US shares. Where a platform charges different fees for both US and Australian shares we show the lower of the two. Where both CHESS sponsored and custodian shares are offered, we display the cheapest option.

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