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Trezor vs Ledger

Which cryptocurrency hardware wallet comes out on top?

Updated

Fact checked

Trezor and Ledger have coexisted as the leading manufacturers of two of the most popular cryptocurrency hardware wallets in the world since 2014.

They're still releasing new products, and this guide compares each of their bestsellers to see how they stack up against one another.

The prices and information used in this comparison is accurate as of 5 February 2019.

Disclaimer: This information should not be interpreted as an endorsement of cryptocurrency or any specific provider, service or offering. It is not a recommendation to trade.

How does each compare on:


Trezor vs Ledger: The numbers

Ledger Nano S
Trezor One
Ledger Nano X
Trezor Model T
Ledger Nano STrezor OneLedger Nano XTrezor Model T
PriceAUD$109EUR€69AUD$199EUR€149
Dimensions57x17.4x9mm60x30x6mm72x18.6x11.75mm64x39x10mm
Display128x32 pixel OLED screen128x64 pixel OLED screen128x64 pixel OLED screen240x240 pixel colour RGB LCD touchscreen
ProcessorSecure element chipsARM Cortex-M3 processor @ 120Mhz

(embedded on STM32 F microcontroller)

Secure element chipsARM Cortex-M4 processor
@ 168Mhz
ConnectionUSBUSB, WebUSBUSB, BluetoothUSB-C, WebUSB
CompatibilityPCPC, MobilePC, MobilePC, Mobile
Backup12-24 word seed phrase24-word seed phrase12-24 word seed phrase12-24 word seed phrase
Cryptocurrencies supported1,000+~7501,000+~750
Operating temperatures-25°C to 50°C-20°C to 60°C0°C to 40°C-20°C to 60°C
Free shipping
  • Yes
  • No
  • Yes
  • No
Learn more
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Find out more about what makes hardware wallets so secure

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Price

Ledger Nano X vs Trezor Model T

WalletRelease yearPrice
Trezor Model T2018EUR€149 (AUD$239)
Ledger Nano X2019AUD$199

The latest Ledger has a solid price advantage over the Trezor, coming in at about $40 cheaper. And you can find even lower prices on older models.

Ledger Nano S vs Trezor One

WalletRelease yearPrice
Trezor One2014EUR€69 (AUD$110)
Ledger Nano S2014AUD$109

On these too, the Ledger comes in a fraction cheaper. This is par for the course for Ledger, which has cemented its position in the market in part by being one of the cheapest full-featured hardware wallets around.

Trophy icon
Winner: Ledger

Across both generations, the Ledger comes in at a better price. With free shipping on top of that, Ledger ends up even further ahead.

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Security

Both Ledger and Trezor have maintained similar security records across their devices.

WalletNotable hacks
Trezor One
  • None
Trezor Model T
  • None
Ledger Nano S
  • None
Ledger Nano X
  • None

Both wallets have similar security track records, but they're secured in quite different ways.

  • Trezor hardware wallets. These forego the use of secure elements, opting instead for general purpose microprocessors, with open-source wallet design and firmware.
  • Ledger hardware wallets. These use secure elements in the wallets themselves, while the firmware itself remains closed source for now.

These differences have some practical consequences. The main one is that it's possible for someone with the right know-how and equipment to break into a Trezor hardware wallet and steal the funds. This can be prevented by using a sufficiently complex password. The password needs to be kept safe, as you won't be able to access your funds if you lose or forget your password.

The same issue extends to other brands of hardware wallet, such as KeepKey. But far as is publicly known, Ledger hardware wallets don't have this problem.

The upshot is that Trezor wallets require a password to be fully secure, while Ledger wallets don't. You can still add passwords to the Ledger though. In both wallets, you can set multiple passwords to unlock different sub-wallets, letting you set duress passwords or create multiple "accounts" on the same wallet.

Trezor maintains that

  • Ledger is incautiously over-reliant on secure elements as a "guarantee" of security.
  • Ledger's firmware is not open source, so its security may depend on secrecy.
  • No piece of hardware is 100% secure and the illusion of complete security is dangerous.

Ledger rebuts these claims by saying

  • The use of secure elements is considered industry best practice for a reason.
  • Trezor's claim to open-source firmware creates a false distinction, because you can't confirm what type of firmware is used in a Trezor wallet without destroying it.
  • The reason Ledger's firmware isn't open source is because of non-disclosure agreements, not because it relies on secrecy for security.

Trophy icon
Winner: Ledger

Trezor's open-sourcing does offer a degree of reassurance that's absent from Ledger. However, it's not the be all and end all. The need to password-protect Trezor wallets creates a new way of potentially losing funds, through lost passwords, which arguably makes Ledger wallets more secure.

Ledger's higher sales figures could present another point in its favour. If there are more Ledger devices on the market, there's more certainty of it being "unhackable" in the wild. Plus, Ledger is in the process of open-sourcing its firmware, although to date it's been slow going.

Also, Trezor did have an actual vulnerability at once point back in 2015, while as far as anyone knows Ledger never has. It was quickly fixed after discovery, but involved using an oscilloscope to analyse the device's power usage in a way that would let an attacker decipher private keys.

Security researchers found similar vulnerabilities in Trezor wallets in 2019, along with the discovery that Trezor wallets need to be password-protected to actually be "unhackable."

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Ease of use

One of the main usability features on hardware wallets is the size and clarity of the screen, and both the Trezor and the Ledger have made significant upgrades to their screen in the most recent generation.

WalletScreen size
Trezor One128x64 pixels
Trezor Model T240x240 pixels
Ledger Nano S128x32 pixels
Ledger Nano X128x64 pixels

The Trezor Model T, in particular, is distinguished by its uncommonly large screen.

The reason a large screen can make hardware wallets easier to use is because you need to be able to clearly read details (such as wallet addresses) on the screen to confirm them against what's on your phone or computer when you're sending funds.

This larger screen size does equal a slightly bulkier shape though.

WalletDimensionsWeight
Trezor Model T64x39x10mm16g
Ledger Nano X72x18.6x11.75mm34g

The Trezor is a squarer device than the Ledger, although it's less than half the weight. In either case, though, they're both small enough that you'd be hard-pressed to really feel the difference.

Other than the dimensions, the primary difference when actually using the devices might be that the Trezor has a touchscreen while the Ledger has physical buttons instead.

Trophy icon
Winner: Trezor

The larger colour touch screen brings more intuitiveness to the Trezor Model T.

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Cryptocurrency support

WalletNumber of cryptocurrencies supported
TrezorAround 750
Ledger1,000+

Software-wise, Ledger and Trezor both offer a degree of standardisation for their devices by providing programs specially designed to pair with the wallets. When you want to use a specific currency, you can download the individual cryptocurrency "app" for your wallet.

Trophy icon
Winner: Ledger

Ledger supports more cryptocurrencies, and not all of the ones missing from Trezor are obscure.

Most notably, Trezor hardware wallets lack support for DAG-based cryptocurrencies such as IOTA and NANO.

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Back to top

Compare alternative hardware wallets

Haven't found what you're looking for? Check out other hardware wallets.

Name Product Wallet type Supported Cryptocurrencies Price (USD) Disclaimer
Ledger Nano X Wallet
Hardware
BTC, XRP, ETH, BCH, EOS, XLM, LTC, TRX, ADA, MIOTA, BNB, XMR, DASH, NEO, ETC, ZEC, XTZ, WAVES, DOGE, VET & 1,000+ more
$119
NEW – The Ledger Nano X comes with added Bluetooth functionality, more memory and a higher quality screen than its big brother, the Nano S.
TREZOR One Wallet
Hardware
BTC, BCH, BTG, LTC, DASH, DOGE, ETC, ETH, ERC20, NEM, NMC, ZEC, EXP, UBQ
$55
TREZOR hardware wallet is a secure way to keep your cryptocurrency safe from hackers and malware.
Ledger Nano S Wallet
Hardware
BTC, XRP, ETH, BCH, EOS, XLM, LTC, TRX, ADA, MIOTA & 1,300+ more
$59
Securely store some of the world's leading cryptocurrencies on the Ledger Nano S hardware wallet.
CoolWallet S Wallet
Hardware
Mobile
BTC, BCH, XRP, ETH, LTC, ZEN, ICX, Omni USDT, BNB BEP2, XLM & 25+ more
$99
A mobile hardware wallet for iPhone or Android designed to offer wireless bluetooth transactions and cold storage.
TREZOR Model T Wallet
Hardware
BTC, BCH, BTG, LTC, DASH, DOGE, ETC, ETH, ERC20, NEM, NMC, ZEC, EXP, UBQ
$170
The next generation of hardware wallet from TREZOR, the Model T includes a host of new features including a touchscreen and improved processing.
Corazon Wallet
Corazon Wallet
Hardware
BTC, BCH, BTG, LTC, DASH, DOGE, ETC, ETH, ERC20, NEM, NMC, ZEC, EXP, UBQ
$707
Designed by GRAY, the Corazon is a luxury Trezor Model T hardware wallet with an aerospace-grade titanium finish.
Sugi Wallet
Sugi Wallet
Hardware
Mobile
BTC, ETH, LTC, XRP, BCH, ERC20
$66
A NFC cryptocurrency wallet card with a mobile app that supports major cryptos and select ERC20 tokens.
KeepKey Wallet
Hardware
BTC, BCH , DASH, DOGE, ETH, LTC, NMC
$49
Protect your digital assets from hackers with the virus- and malware-proof KeepKey hardware wallet.
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Compare up to 4 providers

Read our in-depth beginner's guide to cryptocurrency wallets.

Frequently asked questions

Disclaimer: Cryptocurrencies are speculative, complex and involve significant risks – they are highly volatile and sensitive to secondary activity. Performance is unpredictable and past performance is no guarantee of future performance. Consider your own circumstances, and obtain your own advice, before relying on this information. You should also verify the nature of any product or service (including its legal status and relevant regulatory requirements) and consult the relevant Regulators' websites before making any decision. Finder, or the author, may have holdings in the cryptocurrencies discussed.

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