Investing in real estate stocks
Here are some pros and cons to investing in residential, commercial and industrial real estate.
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Since the COVID-19 downturn, property markets have been on a boom, with the gains partly driven by tightening stock levels and exceedingly low mortgage rates.
In countries such as Australia, this boom has seen the price of property skyrocket nearly 20% nationally in just 12 months.
For investors who are bullish on the sector but do not want to own property themselves, they can invest through real estate shares.
There are 3 segments of the real estate sector and multiple ways to invest in real estate stocks, each with its own benefits and risks.
What are real estate stocks?
The real estate sector consists of stocks from companies that own, develop and manage properties. The Global Industry Classification Standard defines 11 stock sectors, each characterised by a specific industry or slice of the market.
The real estate sector can be further broken down into residential, commercial and industrial real estate. Some real estate companies and trusts specialise in buying only one type of property while others manage multiple segments of the sector.
Ways to invest in real estate sector stocks
The real estate sector is dominated by real-estate investment trusts (REITs). These pull the resources of investors together to buy a range of property assets, which the trust then manages for a profit. In most instances, they generate most of their income through rent, returning the majority back to shareholders through dividend payments.
REITs are publicly traded trusts that are bought and sold like stocks.
They offer the opportunity to participate in real estate an Australian investor might otherwise not have access to, like shopping malls and business parks.
Those looking to explore the real estate sector can invest in REITs or real estate ETFs.
Invest in REITs
If you’d prefer to invest in individual real estate companies, REITs can be bought and sold through a brokerage account in Australia.
Most trading platforms come with research and analysis tools designed to help you compare and select investments across sectors. Stock screeners can help you narrow your options to investments available in the real estate sector, listing real estate companies and REITs alongside key metrics to help you assess your options.
- Support individual companies. Investing in REITs gives you the opportunity to back individual companies and trusts based on your interests, values and investment goals.
- Highly liquid. Unlike buying and selling physical property, you can swap REITs online in a matter of minutes.
- Dividends. Like stocks, REITs pay dividends, which can act as a source of income.
- Limited exposure. To compete with the broad selection of securities available through a single ETF, you’d have to purchase many individual stocks.
- Volatile. REITs are easily influenced by interest rate fluctuations, making them inherently more volatile than ETFs.
Compare real estate stocks
Invest in real estate ETFs
An ETF, or exchange-traded fund, is a bundle of securities that track a specific stock sector or market index.
Real estate ETFs track REITs and indexes for the real estate market. Instead of purchasing a single stock, ETFs offer access to a collection of stocks in a specific stock market sector, providing more comprehensive exposure.
Like stocks, ETFs can be bought and sold through a brokerage account. When you purchase an ETF, you pay an expense ratio: an annual cost expressed as a percentage of the funds invested and can range from 0.03% to 2.5%.
A popular ETF in the real estate sector is SPDR Dow Jones Global Select Real Estate Fund (DJRE)
- Low risk. ETFs are less risky than stocks because they’re a collection — not a singular entity. The diversity of ETFs helps safeguard the fund from potential losses.
- Portfolio diversification. Buying into an ETF broadens your portfolio with a single purchase.
- Lower dividends. Dividends from an ETF may have trouble competing with high-yield stocks.
- ETF fees. While it’s possible to swap stocks commission-free, ETFs carry expense ratios that are typically unavoidable.
How is the real estate sector performing?
The stock market is in constant flux, and individual stocks can change prices second by second. But you can use the performance of ETFs to gauge the average performance of a stock market sector over time. The graph below tracks the SPDR Dow Jones Global Select Real Estate Fund (DJRE).
Why invest in real estate stocks?
Real estate stocks and ETFs typically offer dividends which act as passive income.
Better yet, real estate assets tend to be viewed as a stable investment, as they’re backed by physical property and often have long-term contracts or lease agreements, which can stabilise incoming cash flow.
Real estate investments can diversify your portfolio, while hedging against inflation. By investing in real estate stocks or funds, you own a piece of a tangible asset without purchasing and maintaining the property firsthand. It’s a practical option for Australians who want to diversify their portfolio with real estate but don’t want to own their own property.
What unique risks does the real estate sector face?
The profitability of the real estate market is closely correlated with occupancy rates and property values. If property values fall, so will share prices.
REITs also tend to be more volatile than physical properties, so while you benefit from having the property managed on your behalf, you also take on more risk.
Compare online brokers
If you want to buy stocks or ETFs in the real estate sector, you'll need to start by opening a brokerage account in Australia.
We update our data regularly, but information can change between updates. Confirm details with the provider you're interested in before making a decision.
Important: Share trading can be financially risky and the value of your investment can go down as well as up. Standard brokerage is the cost to purchase $1,000 or less of equities without any qualifications or special eligibility. Where both CHESS sponsored and custodian shares are offered, we display the cheapest option.
The real estate sector offers the opportunity for stable dividends backed by physical assets but isn’t immune to risk. Australian investors should be wary of shifting property values and occupancy rates before they invest.
Research your trading platform options to find the brokerage account best suited to your needs.
Frequently asked questions
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