We’re reader-supported and may be paid when you visit links to partner sites. We don’t compare all products in the market, but we’re working on it!
🧪How we chose these brokersFor our Top Picks, we compared our Finder partners using a proprietary algorithm in August 2020. Keep in mind that our top picks may not always be the best for you, and you're encouraged to compare for yourself to find one that works for you. Read our full methodology here to find out more.
The term penny stocks is more commonly used overseas in the US, UK or Europe, but you could have also heard the phrase in Australia too. So what are they?
Penny stocks is a loose name for cheap, low-priced shares of small, often newly listed companies. There are a few different ways to define Australia's penny stocks. Some definitions say it's listed companies with a market cap of less than $50 million, which is why in Australia penny stocks are also commonly referred to as small-cap stocks. Another definition is stocks with a share price of less than $5. However this is a rather vague definition as some blue chip stocks have share prices below $5, too.
Investors are often attracted to penny stocks for their cheap prices and potential growth opportunities, though there are risks involved with penny stocks, too.
What are penny stocks?
Some of the typical characteristics of a penny stock include:
- Small company
- Market cap below $50 million
- Newer company recently listed
- Share price below $5
- Limited financial track record
- Doesn't pay dividends
List of ASX penny stocks
Source: These are the 20 stocks in the iShares S&P/ASX Small Ordinaries ETF with the smallest market caps. This list includes some examples of Australian penny stocks and is not an exhaustive list, nor is it a recommendation for any of the stocks mentioned.
Pros and cons of penny stocks
Here are some of the benefits and risks of investing in small-cap Australian penny stocks:
- Low prices. Because they're low priced, investors can hold a diversified portfolio of penny stock companies without needing to spend as much as they typically would.
- Growth opportunity. Small-cap, newly listed companies can often present great growth opportunities if you pick the right ones. However it could be a bumpy ride to the top.
- Thrilling. Penny stocks often see their share prices change significantly in little time, which can be exciting and thrilling for investors with a high risk tolerance.
- Day trading. Because of their large price swings, penny stocks are often used by active day traders.
- High risk. Penny stocks are very high-risk investments compared to other listed companies and ETFs with a longer financial track record. Not all companies that list on an exchange do well and a lot of penny stocks never become anything more than a penny stock.
- Very volatile. Penny stocks often experience extreme share price highs and lows within a matter of days (or even within the same day).
- No income. Penny stocks rarely pay any dividends, as all revenue is usually reinvested back into the company to help it grow.
Penny stocks versus blue chip stocks
On the opposite side of the scale to penny stocks are blue chip stocks. In comparison to penny stocks, blue chip stocks are large listed companies that have been around for a long time and have a long, stable financial track record. Some of Australia's biggest and most well-known companies are considered blue chip stocks, such as the Big Four banks, Telstra, Woolworths and BHP.
While penny stocks in most cases pay no dividends, blue chips stocks almost always do.
Should you invest in penny stocks?
You could consider investing in penny stocks if:
- You have a high risk tolerance
- You're an experienced investor
- You're willing to cut your losses if the share price falls significantly
- You have a long investment time frame and are willing to ride out the volatility
- You're happy to take a bit of a "gamble"
Tips for investors considering buying penny stocks
If you're keen to invest in Australian penny stocks, here are some tips to help you get started.
Ask an expert: How do you pick the right stocks?
Market analyst, Bell Direct
Investing can be simple if you keep in mind that a business’ value is often estimated by its future earnings. For example, in the week the NSW/VIC border reopened, travel stocks rallied as investors betted that company earnings in the sector would lift. So, when picking a stock consider;
- Is the company in a growth area?
- Does it have a solid history of company growth and is the company likely to be around in 10-15 years?
- And is it growing or likely to grow its revenue (and or cashflow)? Remember, earnings growth drives share price growth.
Do your research
This is important for all investments, but particularly higher-risk investments like penny stocks. Blue chip stocks are, by their nature, lower-risk options as they've got a long history of strong financial performance.
Plan a strategy and stick to it
Before you start buying, decide which penny stocks you're going to invest in and how much you're going to invest in each one. It's also important to decide what price you'd sell at if the shares were to fall and stick to it to avoid the "I'll just hold a little longer and see if the price jumps back up" mentality. The same applies for gains.
Don't make emotional decisions
It can be easy to get emotionally attached to a penny stock, as they're often the underdogs in your portfolio. So when their share price falls and falls some more, you can find yourself making excuses as to why you should keep holding. This is why it's important to make a strategy, so you leave the emotions out of it.
Don't get sucked in by the "cheap" prices
Penny stocks may appear to be cheap in comparison to other shares listed on the ASX, but don't base your investment decision purely on this. One factor that influences a company's share price is the demand for its shares. The less demand from investors, the lower the share price. So some penny stocks may appear to be cheap, but you need to ask yourself why this is.
How to buy penny stocks in Australia
- Choose a share trading platform. If you're a beginner, our table below can help you choose.
- Open your account. You'll need your ID, bank details and tax file number (TFN).
- Confirm your payment details. You'll need to fund your account with a bank transfer, debit card or credit card.
- Find the shares you want to buy. Search the platform and buy your shares. It's that simple.
Compare share trading platforms to buy penny stocks
Important: Share trading can be financially risky and the value of your investment can go down as well as up. “Standard brokerage” fee is the cost to trade $1,000 or less of ASX-listed shares and ETFs without any qualifications or special eligibility. If ASX shares aren’t available, the fee shown is for US shares. Where both CHESS sponsored and custodian shares are offered, we display the cheapest option.
More guides on Finder
Finder Daily Deals: The 5 best online deals in Australia today
Today's best Finder Daily deals include: Huge men's sneaker sale, 40% off Ray-Bans sunglasses, 47% off Apple iPhone XS.
Best Retro Game Consoles in Australia
Whether you’re looking back on the games of your youth or picking up retro game collecting as a hobby, here’s the best retro games consoles in Australia.
Square vs Shopify
We compare two of the leading merchant services on the market: Square and Shopify.
How to invest in the BTCC Bitcoin ETF
The world's first physical Bitcoin ETF has launched onto the stock market. Here's how to invest if you're in Australia.
Best Chromebooks in Australia
Work, learn and play with one of the best Chromebooks you can get your hands on in Australia right now.
How to buy Bumble shares from Australia
Everything we know about the Bumble IPO, plus information on how to buy in.
Best thermal compound pastes in Australia
These are the 6 best thermal pastes you can buy right now in Australia.
Best Fitbit fitness trackers and smartwatches in Australia
Here are the top Fitbit devices you can get your hands on here in Australia.
Best air mouse remotes in Australia
These are the best air mouse remotes you can get your hands on in Australia.
Ask an Expert