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Australian dollar forecast

Find out about the outlook for the AUD in 2024 and the key factors driving its performance.

The Aussie dollar was on a downward trajectory for the majority of 2023. After reaching a high on 0.72 USD in late January 2023, it hit yearly lows in October but mounted a small recovery in recent months. Forecasts last year expected the Australian Dollar to be stronger but China's economy has struggled.

Australian Dollar Predictions for 2024

The general outlook for this year remains optimistic with three major Australian banks expecting the value of the Australian Dollar to increase by the end of 2024.

  • NAB's Australian dollar forecast is predicting the AUD will trade at 0.73 USD by December 2024. Over the long-term NAB is optimistic and believes the Australian dollar will reach $0.78 by December 2025.
  • ING's future FX outlook is very positive, they are predicting the AUD/USD exchange rate will be at 0.71 USD by June 2024, and 0.73 USD by December 2024. Sluggish Chinese growth and high interest rates have led to the AUD being the most "undervalued currency in the G10 space" based on their analysis.
  • Westpac published their economic report in December 2023, predicting the AUD will increase modestly during the year and trade at 0.70 USD by the end of 2024.
  • Commonwealth Bank think an economic recession is likely in 2024 and it could send the Australian Dollar below 0.60 USD. CBA expects the decrease in value to be short-lived as the FED will cut interest rates in the US faster than expected.

Key factors impacting the Australian dollar

There are several key factors driving the performance of the Australian dollar, the major ones include:

  • RBA interest hikes. From a record low of 0.10% in April 2022, the Reserve Bank has made regular increases to the official cash rate, which sits at 4.10% as of October 2023. Interest rate hikes tend to increase foreign investment demand for the AUD, which helps drive the value of the Aussie dollar higher.
  • Inflation. The Reserve Bank's inflation target aims to keep annual consumer price inflation between 2 and 3%. However, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 5.4% in the twelve-month period ending in September, representing a notable increase compared to the 4.9% increase in July. High inflation tends to drive the value of the Aussie dollar down due to reduced purchasing power.
  • Economic slowdown. With rising interest rates and inflation impacting economies around the world, there's the very real threat of a global recession. This could lead to reduced demand from China and other Asian countries for Australia's key exports, pushing the value of the Australian dollar down.
  • Mining. Commodities are a major driver of the Australian economy, with iron ore, coal and other commodities responsible for 67% of all exports. Increases in demand for commodities can drive the value of the AUD up, but falling prices can have a negative effect.
  • Farming. Agriculture is another important driver of the Australian economy and made up 11.6% of the nation's goods and services exports in 2021-22. The impacts of climate change could affect the farming industry in the years to come, while controversy surrounding live animal exports could also affect cattle and sheep exports.

Finder survey: How many Australians think the Australian dollar will get stronger over the next 12 months?

Response
No56.67%
Yes43.33%
Source: Finder survey by Pure Profile of 1004 Australians, December 2023

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