Beginner’s guide to leverage trading on BitMEX
Read our guide on how to trade bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies with leverage of up to 100:1.
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Bitcoin and many other cryptocurrencies are famous for the volatility that sees their prices fluctuate substantially in a short period of time. If you’d like to turn a bear (falling) market into the opportunity to make a profit, you may want to consider leverage trading.
BitMEX is a popular cryptocurrency exchange that allows its users to trade with leverage of up to 100:1, providing traders the opportunity to amplify their gains, as well as potential losses.
If you want to know how to trade cryptocurrencies using leverage on BitMEX, read on for a step-by-step guide.
What is leverage trading?
Sometimes referred to as margin trading (the two are often used interchangeably), leverage trading involves borrowing funds to amplify potential returns when buying and selling cryptocurrency. When you leverage trade, you can access increased buying power and may open positions that are much larger than your actual account balance.
For example, if you have an account balance of 5 BTC and you want to place a trade with leverage of 10:1, you can open a position worth 50 BTC. This means that if the market moves in your favour, you will be able to access 10 times the profits; however, it also has the effect of magnifying losses when the market moves against you.
Margin trading is risky, speculative and complicated, so it’s not suited to beginners and is best left to experienced traders.
How does it work?
Different exchanges impose different limits on the amount of leverage available, and BitMEX offers leverage of up to 100:1 on some contracts. However, the amount of leverage you can access also depends on the initial margin (the amount of BTC you must deposit to open a position) and the maintenance margin (the amount of BTC you must hold in your account to keep a position open).
When leverage trading cryptocurrencies you have two options:
- Going long. Opening a long position involves buying a contract because you believe it will increase in value.
- Going short. Shorting is when you sell a contract because you think its price will go down, and then you can buy it back at a reduced price at a later date.
When you open a position, a portion of your account balance is held as collateral for the funds you borrow from the exchange. If your trade is successful and you close the position at a profit, your collateral is returned to you along with those profits, minus any fees. However, if the market moves against you and you are in loss, your trade will automatically be closed and your collateral liquidated when the market reaches a certain price – this is known as the liquidation price. One of the benefits of leverage trading is that it allows you to potentially turn a bear market into a profitable opportunity. As a very basic example, let’s say you owned 1 BTC on 18 December 2017, when its value was peaking at above US$18,737. Expecting the market to crash, you sold that BTC at this high price point with the aim of buying back later at a much lower price. Had you then decided to buy back into BTC on April 6, when 1 BTC was worth US$6,695, you could have made a profit of US$12,042 (minus transaction fees). And when you add leverage trading into the mix, this potential profit could have been much higher. If you’d traded using leverage of 5:1, for example, your profit would have been five times greater – it’s this potential for much larger gains that makes leverage trading an attractive prospect to experienced traders.
Profiting in falling markets
One of the benefits of leverage trading is that it allows you to potentially turn a bear market into a profitable opportunity. As a very basic example, let’s say you owned 1 BTC on 18 December 2017, when its value was peaking at above US$18,737. Expecting the market to crash, you sold that BTC at this high price point with the aim of buying back later at a much lower price. Had you then decided to buy back into BTC on April 6, when 1 BTC was worth US$6,695, you could have made a profit of US$12,042 (minus transaction fees).
And when you add leverage trading into the mix, this potential profit could have been much higher. If you’d traded using leverage of 5:1, for example, your profit would have been five times greater – it’s this potential for much larger gains that makes leverage trading an attractive prospect to experienced traders.
How to leverage trade on BitMEX
How can you trade using leverage on BitMEX? Follow these simple steps:
Step 1. Register for a BitMEX account
Click through to the BitMEX website and register for an account by providing your email address and creating a password in the box at the right of screen. You’ll then be emailed a link which you’ll need to click on to verify your email address. Once that’s done, make sure you enable 2-factor authentication to provide an increased level of security for your account.
Step 2. Deposit funds into your account
Click on the “Account” tab at the top of screen to be taken to your wallet. Click the green “Deposit” button and scan the QR code or copy your wallet address. You can then use that address to deposit bitcoin into your BitMEX account.
Step 3. Navigate to the trading screen
Click the “Trade” link at the top of screen. You’ll be taken to the trading screen where you can click the tab of the crypto you want to buy or sell – bitcoin, Cardano, Bitcoin Cash, Ether, Litecoin and Ripple are all available.
Step 4. Enter the details of your position
In the Order box on the left of screen, select the type of order you want to place. For this example we’ll be using a Market Order. Enter the quantity of your trade, that is the amount you want to buy or sell in US dollars (USD).
Step 5. Set your leverage
Use the slider below the Order box to set the desired level of leverage for your position. In this example, our leverage is set to 5x.
Step 6. Review the details of your transaction
Take a moment to review the full details of your transaction. The “Quantity” field shows the value of your position, but because you’re trading with leverage the money you’re putting at risk is less than this. The “Cost” field details the maximum amount you can lose on the position if the market moves against you. “Order Value” shows the value of your position in XBT.
Step 7. Open your position
If you think the price will rise and you’re going long, click on “Buy Market”. If you’re shorting because you think the market will fall, click on “Sell Market”. An order confirmation screen will appear and contains information such as the level of leverage, order value, cost and the estimated liquidation price. Review all details carefully before clicking on “Buy” or “Sell” to confirm your order.
Profit and loss case studies
What sort of effect will market moves have on profits and losses when trading with leverage? Let’s take a look at some hypothetical examples.
Going long with 10x leverage
For simplicity, let’s assume the value of your position is 1 BTC, which is US$10,000, so the initial margin requirement would be US$1,000.
|Price change||New Price||Profit/Loss ($US)||Profit/Loss (%)|
Note: While your profit can exceed 100%, losses are limited to 100% of the margin requirement.
Going short with 10x leverage
In this example we are betting against the market and going short. Let’s mix up the maths a little bit and assume the value of your position is 1 BTC, which is US$8,500, so the initial margin requirement would be US$850.
|Price change||New Price||Profit/Loss ($US)||Profit/Loss (%)|
Risk management tips
Trading with leverage is complicated and risky, so remember these simple tips to minimise your risk:
- Practice makes perfect. BitMEX offers a practice environment that is set up to feel just like the real thing. This lets users get familiar with placing, executing and cancelling orders while interacting with a simulated market place. Get used to the feel of things here before trading with real funds.
- Start with a small amount. When you’re first starting out with leverage trading, deposit only a small amount into your account. This way, if the market moves against you or you place the wrong trade by mistake, your losses will be minimised.
- Limit your leverage. Don’t get seduced by the potential maximum leverage available. Especially when starting out, minimise the amount of leverage you use as this will help limit risk.
- Pick a market. Rather than spreading yourself out across several different markets, focus on one particular market (for example XBT/USD) to develop a deeper understanding of price movements and trends.
- Understand your order. When setting up your first few trades, it’s essential that you study and understand the order screen. The field to pay particular attention to is “Cost”, as this shows the maximum amount you could lose from your trade.
- Use Limit trades rather than Market trades. When trading bitcoin, BitMEX charges a taker fee of 0.075% of the total position if you use the “Market” tab when opening a position. However, if you select the “Limit” tab to become a market maker, you’ll actually receive a rebate of 0.025% of your total position.
- Leave it to experienced traders. If you’re new to either online trading or cryptocurrencies, leverage trading is not for you.
If you know what you’re doing, leverage trading on BitMEX can be an effective tool to help you increase profits. However, make sure you’re fully aware of all the risks involved before deciding whether this is the right approach for you.
Glossary of key terms
The maximum amount you could lose on a trade
The amount you must deposit in your account to open a position
Using a small amount of capital in your account to control a larger position
The price you set to open a position
Buying now with the hope of selling in the future at a higher price
The price at which your position will be automatically closed
The amount of funds you must hold in your account to keep your position open
The total value of the position
Your position size in USD
Betting against the market, hoping for price to fall
Currency code for bitcoin
At the time of writing, the author holds IOTA and XLM.
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