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Ethereum restaking

What to consider with Ethereum restaking and how to restake your ETH tokens.

What is Ethereum restaking?

Ethereum restaking is the process of allowing staked ETH tokens to be used across multiple crypto protocols or networks in addition to the main Ethereum network.

This means that new or smaller protocols can more easily attract the capital requirements to secure a network via the proof-of-stake consensus mechanism, giving ETH holders the opportunity to "restake" Ethereum with the potential to earn additional rewards.

What is Ethereum staking?

Since the Ethereum network started moving from the proof-of-work consensus model to proof-of-stake in late 2020, Ethereum holders have been able to stake their ETH tokens to help secure the Ethereum network.

In return for doing so, those who stake their ETH receive new ETH tokens paid out by the protocol as a reward for their role in securing the Ethereum Network.

Some staking service providers realised an opportunity alongside this development, which was that they could issue a "staked-eth" token back to those who chose to stake their original ETH with their service.

This means users can get the benefit of Ethereum rewards paid out by the network, but now have a new token that represents a 1:1 redeemable claim over the staked Ethereum that was locked on the network. This new token can then be freely traded or used elsewhere without having to unstake their Ethereum. An example of this is Lido's stETH.

As a result, Ethereum owners can receive the yield earned by having their Ethereum staked, while also benefiting from the token-claim over the original Ethereum, such as to use as collateral for trading and lending services.

How does restaking work?

Restaking is the process of allocating your staked-ethereum token to another network that then uses it as capital-at-risk under the proof-of-stake model to achieve its own network consensus.

Now your original ETH not only secures the Ethereum blockchain, but another EVM (Ethereum virtual machine) compatible protocol can benefit from the capital value of staked-ethereum tokens to secure its own network.

The process therefore looks something like this: ETH -> staked ETH -> stETH -> staked stETH -> restaking token.

Which projects offer Ethereum restaking?

There are currently a few platforms that offer the ability to restake your ETH tokens:

  • Ankr (AnkrETH)
  • EigenLayer
  • Kelp DAO
  • Swell (swETH) (coming soon)

What are the risks of Ethereum staking?

The main risk of restaking for ETH holders is the potential for vulnerabilities (such as bugs or exploits) within the restaking protocols themselves. If the protocol that you have restaked your tokens with experiences a hack or other major failure, your coins may be at risk.

The other potential risk is the concept of slashing – penalties applied to stakers that harm the Ethereum network in some way (such as by validating the wrong block). Any ETH that is staked on a protocol that commits a slashable offence may lose some or all of their ETH tokens. However, slashing is a relatively rare occurrence.

As with Ethereum staking in general, there is also a general risk of centralisation. If a staking platform secures a significant share of the validating network it can have outsized control over how the Ethereum network operates. This can be a risk if the platform begins acting maliciously or is compromised.

What are the risks of Ethereum restaking?

In addition to the risks of Ethereum staking, whichever service is engaged for restaking will be securing its own layer of activity and smart contracts, the above risks again apply, increasing the overall risk.

If either Ethereum or the ecosystem you restake your staked Ethereum into face issues, your capital could be at risk. Unlike Ethereum, a network with the better part of a decade in development, contracts built for restaking services should not be expected to maintain the same level of security and may be at higher risk of hacks or other failures.

Pros and cons of ETH restaking


  • Lets you get more yield from your staked ETH with no additional investment
  • Helps increase security and trust
  • Could help diversify your holdings


  • As with any crypto protocol, it could expose you to vulnerabilities and malicious actors
  • Additional slashing risks
  • Yield may decrease over time

How do I restake my Ethereum?

In order to restake your ETH, you'll first need to have staked it on the Ethereum network using a liquid staking platform or pool such as Lido.

Once you've staked your ETH, you can then take this staked ETH and stake it again on a restaking protocol.

What are the benefits of Ethereum restaking?

Restaking gives you the opportunity to earn additional yield (staking rewards) from staking your ETH tokens.

It can also help bring additional security to the participating protocols.

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