Moving Down Under and looking for work? Here are some tips on how to find a job in Australia.
Many migrants head to Australia with dreams of a better life: a stable environment, better living conditions and unlimited opportunities for employment. While Australia is a great place to raise a family, finding work in the land Down Under might not be quite as easy as you think. However, if you are equipped with the right skills and qualifications, you'll stand a much better chance.
It’s important to have a realistic mindset when you start looking for a job. While you may not land the perfect position right away, there are plenty of steps you can take to make your employment prospects brighter.
Areas of employment
Throughout the 20th century and into the early 21st century, Australia’s economic growth and success was largely based on its abundance of agricultural, mineral and fuels resources. However, as the country gradually shifts towards a knowledge-based economy, new opportunities for employment are opening up.
Growth industries in Australia
It will come as no surprise that the mining industry is still one of the leading sectors of employment in Australia, with the iron ore mining industry still at the top of the list. This is not to say that other areas of the economy aren’t experiencing rapid growth. Sectors such as gas and agribusiness have bright futures, while others like international education and wealth management are already delivering increased employment prospects.
As Australia has an ageing population, sectors related to aged and health care are expected to see significant growth. This includes residential aged care, retirement living. and the digital delivery of health services. Other growth sectors include; information and communications technology, tourism, internet publishing and broadcasting, and online retail.
Most state governments will publish information about current job prospects, including areas where there are skills shortages, on their websites. This can help you gather an accurate idea of whether or not your skill set will be in demand in the area which you are planning on moving to when you do actually move.
The Australian Government’s Department of Immigration and Border Protection publishes a list of skilled occupations on its website. This information can come in handy for those who want to nominate skilled occupations for permanent and temporary skilled migration Down Under.
In order to obtain a skilled visa, you might have to undergo a skills assessment as part of your visa application. This will help provide skills recognition for the training and qualifications you have received overseas.
If you’re not particular about where you work in Australia, you might like to consider working in more remote areas of the country. There is constant demand for regional workers as, due to their lack of proximity away from capital cities, they are often prone to skills shortages in certain sectors. Recognising this fact, the Australian Government offers the Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme visa (subclass 187). This visa is designed for skilled workers who want to work in regional Australia and is open to any skilled worker under the age of 50 who has been nominated by an approved Australian employer for regional work.
This is a permanent resident visa which can be applied for either overseas or in Australia, but only once you’ve been nominated by an approved Australian employer. This visa offers three streams for migrants:
- The Temporary Residence Transition stream. This is for 457 visa holders who have worked for two years in the same position with their employer, and the employer now wants to offer them a permanent position.
- The Direct Entry stream. This stream is for people nominated under the Direct Entry stream. They include people who have never or only briefly worked in Australia, and temporary residents who do not qualify for the above stream.
- The Agreement stream. This final stream is for people nominated by their employer through a labour agreement.
If you have not been nominated by an approved Australian employer for regional work, you can still place an expression of interest through SkillSelect where a prospective employer or government agent may view your details and potentially nominate you for employment.
There are a number of working visas available for those looking to find a job in Australia, each of which has different eligibility requirements and comes with different rights and restrictions. These include:
Temporary Work (Skilled) visa (subclass 457)
This visa is designed for skilled workers who are sponsored or nominated by a business to work in Australia for a temporary period of time. It is available for up to four years, and the occupation the migrant is to fill must be on the prevailing Consolidated Skilled Occupations List. (SOL)
Employer Nomination Scheme visa (subclass 186)
This permanent visa requires migrants to be nominated by an employer and meet certain English language skill and skills assessment requirements, as pertains to whichever stream they are applying for.
Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme visa (subclass 187)
This permanent visa requires you to be nominated for a position by an employer from regional Australia to work in regional Australia. It consists of three stream (as outlined above). For the Direct Entry stream, overseas-qualified trade workers will need to have their skills assessed by Trades Recognition Australia. The occupation must be an ANZSCO skill level 1-3.
Skilled Independent visa (subclass 189)
Applicants must undergo skills testing to qualify for this permanent visa. The nominated occupation must be on the Skilled Occupation List and you will need to have your skills assessed by the relevant authority.
Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190)
This permanent visa is available to those applicants who have been nominated by a state or territory government. This visa is points tested and the nominated occupation must be on the Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List.
Skilled Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 489)
This visa is available for applicants who have been sponsored by an eligible relative or applicants who have been nominated by a state/territory government. It is available for up to four years and allows you to live, work and study in a regional area.
Working Holiday visa (subclass 417)
If you’re aged between 18 and 31 and want to holiday and work in Australia for up to a year, this is the visa for you. You are able to work for up to six months with each employer, study for up to four months, and leave and re-enter Australia as many times as you like while the visa is valid. Note that this visa is only available to citizens of eligible countries.
Temporary Graduate visa (subclass 485)
If you’re a recent graduate of an Australian educational institution with either an eligible qualification or with skills and qualifications related to an occupation on the skilled occupation list (SOL) and would like to gain work experience in Australia, then the 485 is a great option. It lets you work in Australia for up to four years, depending on which stream you qualify for.
Student visas are available for the Higher Education Sector (subclass 573), the Postgraduate Research Sector (subclass 574), the Vocational Education and Training Sector (subclass 572) and the English Language Course Sector (subclass 570). If you are successful in obtaining a student visa, you can study and work (with restriction) in Australia.
Where to look for work in Australia
If you’re planning on moving to Australia or have recently arrived, there are plenty of options when it comes to looking for work. A good place to start is online job search websites such as seek.com.au, mycareer.com.au and careerone.com.au. These sites list tens of thousands of jobs across all employment sectors.
You can also visit a respected recruitment agency to help in your job search. Agencies can help match you to a suitable job for your training and qualifications, and will seek out prospective employers.
Students looking for work experience or temporary work can check university job boards or community noticeboards. You can also find listings on a number of websites that might not be specifically jobs-based, such as gumtree.com.au.
Another option is to ask a registered migration agent for assistance with job hunting. As well as helping you apply for your visa, migration agents can assist you in understanding the ins and outs of finding work on certain visas within Australia.
Financial aid: Human Services and Centrelink
Human Services is a government department that provides a wide range of social security payments and services. New Australian residents are advised to register with the department's Centrelink program. Centrelink can help you find work, have your overseas skills recognised, access relevant courses needed for work, and advise if you are eligible for social security payments.
As a new migrant to Australia looking for work, you might also qualify for government assistance in the form of a Newstart Allowance. The allowance is available for anyone older than 22 but too young to receive the pension. In order to qualify, you need to be looking for paid work, take an income and assets test, and possibly take an activity test to prove you are looking for a job. There is generally a 104-week waiting period before newly arrived residents can access payments, though there are some exemptions. Nevertheless, the allowance can help you find your feet in Australia and manage financially until you find employment.
If you are in Australia for humanitarian reasons you may be eligible for Crisis Payments in addition to social security payments. In this instance, you must claim your payments within seven days of arriving in Australia, or contact Centrelink with the intent to claim within seven days of arrival, and lodge the claim within two weeks after that.
If you are arriving in the country with children you might be able to apply for Family Assistance payments, which are funded by the Australian government. Family Assistance can help with the cost of raising children.
Educational qualifications for working in Australia
Many new migrants to Australia possess a range of qualifications and skills that they’ve gained in their home country. However, Australian employers often value local experience above overseas experience, so you will need to find out whether or not your qualifications are recognised in Australia.
The process is called Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) and there are several organisations that can help with you with this procedure, including:
- The National Office of Overseas Skills Recognition (NOOSR), which can assess your overseas qualifications in terms of how they fit into the Australian Qualifications Framework. This service is offered for a fee.
- Registered Training Organisations (RTOs), which can determine whether there are any gaps in the content of your overseas qualification compared to the requirements of a similar qualification in Australia.
If your overseas degree is not equivalent to a similar degree in Australia, you may be able to seek employment in your chosen occupation but at a lower entry level. However, certain occupations, such as those in the healthcare sector, require you to pass examinations first.
If your qualifications aren’t recognised, or if there are gaps in the knowledge you’ve acquired overseas, you can seek further study to fill the gaps and meet Australian standards. Referred to as ‘gap training’ or ‘up-skilling’, this training can be undertaken at the relevant university or higher education institution.
What you legally need to work in Australia
In order to legally find work in Australia, you need to satisfy a number of requirements, the most important being a relevant visa. Although there are several types of visa available, most newcomers arrive on the 457.
In order to find employment, you may need to get your overseas qualifications translated into English. This includes your formal qualifications, transcripts with details of the subjects you studied, plus any other supporting documentation. Both the Community Relations Commission and the Department of Immigration and Border Protection's Translating and Interpreting Service (TIS) National provide this service free of charge to migrants who have been in Australia for less than two years.
In some cases, such as applying for recognition of qualifications, you need to provide certified copies of your certificates, which involves having them signed by a Justice of the Peace.
You also need a curriculum vitae (CV) outlining your training, experience and qualifications. Most employers require this to be in English. You can get help putting your CV together from a number of online agencies or recruitment consultants.
Depending on your occupation, you might need to become licensed or registered to be legally allowed to work in Australia. This applies to occupations such as electrician, registered nurse and secondary school teacher. Each Australian state and territory has its own rules regarding licensing and registration. You can start your search for information at the Australian Skills Recognition Information Portal.
Finally, you will need to apply for a Tax File Number (TFN). This is your personal reference number for use in Australia’s tax and superannuation systems, and is used to help you lodge tax returns, change jobs and keep track of your super. You can apply for a TFN online at www.ato.gov.au or you can pick up an application form from your local Australia Post office.
Tax and GST
To paraphrase Benjamin Franklin, death and taxes are two of life’s guaranteed certainties. This is no different in Australia, and you will have to pay tax on your salary and wages. The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) considers you a resident for tax purposes if you have always lived in Australia, have come to Australia to live, have been in Australia for more than half of the income year, or are an overseas student enrolled in a course that lasts more than six months.
If you earn less than $18,200 per year, you will not have to pay any tax. However, you still have to inform the ATO of your earnings through a tax return. If you run a business with a turnover of $75,000 or more, on top of lodging a tax return, you also have to register for the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
The vast majority of workers in Australia are protected by the National Employment Standards. These standards set out 10 minimum rights and conditions for all Australian workers, including everything from working hours and annual leave, to long service leave and redundancy pay.
Everyone working in Australia, regardless of their background, has basic rights at work which entitle them to a minimum wage, breaks and rest periods, a healthy and safe work environment, and the ability to challenge unfair dismissal from a job. For more information on your rights at work, visit the Fair Work Ombudsman site.
Annual leave and superannuation
Under the National Employment Standards, Australian workers are entitled to certain rights. It’s important that migrants in Australia take the time to understand their rights in order to ensure that they are treated fairly. For example, every full-time worker is entitled to at least four weeks of paid annual leave per year, while some shift workers get an extra week. In addition, paid parental leave is also available for both mothers and fathers.
Many non-residents of Australia can also benefit from mandatory superannuation contributions made by their employer. You can also make voluntary personal contributions to your super in order to build your balance and take advantage of tax breaks. Superannuation becomes available to you when you retire or, if you’re a temporary resident, you may be able to claim your benefits when you permanently depart Australia through a Departing Australia Superannuation Payment (DASP). This allows you to receive the equivalent of your superannuation minus tax of 35% and can typically be processed online.
If you’re planning on working in Australia, one of the questions on the tip of your tongue will most likely be, “How much will I be able to earn?”. As a guideline, take a look at the average salaries in the following sectors:
- Mining, resources and energy: $116,895
- Engineering: $103,588
- Information and communication technology: $99,492
- Healthcare and medical: $87,117
- Accounting: $83,538
- Education and training: $73,111
NB: Figures are taken from seek.com.au and are in Australian dollars.
Minimum wage rates apply to those occupations that fall under awards. Casual employees receive extra pay to make up for the fact that they do not receive benefits like annual leave or notice of termination.
One of the most important things to consider after landing in Australia is where to find work. Depending on your skills and type of visa, this could be straightforward or may take some time. However, there are certainly opportunities available to you, as well as financial and job-hunting assistance. Best of luck.