Property security: how it works with a home loan

Your property provides your lender with collateral for your home loan

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Property security (or mortgage security) is the way that banks guarantee an asset against your home loan. It gives the lender confidence to get you a loan, because the money they lend you (say, $525,000) is "secured" against a property asset that is worth more than the loan ($600,000).

This is what the lender uses as protection in the event you can't repay the home loan debt. If the worst happens and you stop paying your home loan payments, the lender knows they can take possession of the asset you secured the loan with, and sell it to recover their costs.

  • Security: Security is an asset that is used to protect the loan. The security will have to be something that, if sold, can cover the cost of the loan and any money that is spent selling the item. The security can be a number of things, but will generally be in the form of property or liquid/accessible cash.
  • Property security: Property security is simply security in the form of property. The property security may be the property that the loan is used to buy, or it may be another property. For instance, a parent may offer the family home as security against a loan for their child's property purchase.

The value of the security is assessed by a professional valuer. When the lender requests a valuation, known as a bank valuation, this document determines the approximate current value of the property and will be used to work out the loan size and subsequently, the loan to value ratio (LVR). This also gives the lender an indicative price on how much they can get for the asset if they have to sell it.

Related: Calculate your own LVR

What is a guarantor and how do they provide security?

Guarantors are generally parents or close family members who agree to assume responsibility for a home loan should the borrower be unable to repay it. Borrowers use guarantors to enable them to buy a home with little or no deposit. A guarantor often uses their own home as security for the borrower's home loan.

What types of property cannot be used as security?

The easier a property is to sell and the higher the demand for that particular type of property, the better the chances of a lender accepting it as loan security. Below you will find a few property types that lenders tend to shy away from when it comes to low doc loans.

What happens if you don't make your repayments?

According to the Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC), this is what happens when a mortgage default is enforced:

A lender can sell the primary security on a loan to cover their costs if a borrower's payments fall into default and if the payment default is not corrected after the lender gives notice.

Lenders will be required to submit a letter of demand or requirement notice if payments fall into default, although it is stated that this is not mandatory. If the borrower fails to make a payment as set out in the letter of demand, the borrower must then send a default notice. This notice explains how to rectify the situation and gives the borrower 30 days to do so.

Once the lender has served the appropriate notices and provided that the borrower has not requested a hardship service, the lender has the power to obtain a court order allowing them to enter the property. From here it can be sold to recoup their costs. A borrower has the option of defending against this action. They must file a Notice of Appearance within 10 days and a Notice of Defence within 30 days after that. If this does not happen, the court will order that the lender has the power to take possession of the property, but not the goods inside.

The property can be sold at auction or by private sale.

The most important things to know about home loan defaults

What happens if the lender goes bankrupt?

If the lender goes bankrupt you'll not be liable to pay any money. However, if the lender goes bankrupt your loan and the security property may be switched to another lender. This will rarely negatively impact consumers in terms of the interest rates they pay on their loans.

When you've obtained your loan, ensure that your repayments are made on time. Remember that if you experience financial difficulties and cannot meet your loan obligations, contact your lender first to agree on a solution.

Information if you are struggling to pay your loan

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years
Name Product Interest Rate (p.a.) Comp. Rate (p.a.) Fees Monthly Payment

HSBC Fixed Rate Home Loan Package P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

HSBC Fixed Rate Home Loan Package
1.88%
2.86%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $390 p.a.
$547
$3,288 refinance cashback offer
Lock in a low fixed rate for 2 years and buy your home with a 20% deposit. Eligible refinancers borrowing $250,000 or more can get a $3,288 cashback. Terms and conditions apply.

Westpac Fixed Option Home Loan Premier Advantage Package P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 5% Deposit

Westpac Fixed Option Home Loan Premier Advantage Package
1.99%
3.48%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$555
$3,000 refinance cashback
Lock in a low fixed rate for 2 years that allows you to make up to $30,000 in extra repayments and buy your home with a 5% deposit. $3,000 cashback for eligible refinancers. Apply by 30 September 2021. Terms and conditions apply.

UBank UHomeLoan Fixed P&IHome 1Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

UBank UHomeLoan Fixed
1.79%
2.32%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$540
Fix your mortgage for 1 year with a very competitive rate and no ongoing fees.

Nano Variable Home Loans P&IHome≥ 25% Deposit Refi Only

Nano Variable Home Loans
1.99%
1.99%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$555
Switch to this competitive variable rate with zero fees. Requires a 25% deposit.

Suncorp Home Package Plus Fixed P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

Suncorp Home Package Plus Fixed
1.89%
2.85%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$548
$3,000 refinance cash bonus
Lock in a low fixed rate for 2 years. Available with a 20% deposit. Eligible new borrowers can get the annual package fee reimbursed for the life of the loan. $3,000 refinance cash bonus for eligible borrowers. Other terms, conditions and eligibility criteria apply.

loans.com.au Smart Booster Discount Variable Home Loan P&IHome≥ 20% Deposit

loans.com.au Smart Booster Discount Variable Home Loan
1.85%
2.21%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$545
Get a low discounted variable rate loan. Requires a 30% deposit. Get your loan processed fast and settle within 30 days.

Well Home Loans Equity Plus P&IHome≥ 40% Deposit

Well Home Loans Equity Plus
1.87%
1.90%
  • App: $250
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$546
Borrowers with 40% deposits or equity can get this low variable rate loan. 100% offset account included.

St.George Fixed Rate Advantage Package P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

St.George Fixed Rate Advantage Package
1.84%
3.38%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$544
$3,000 refinance cashback
Borrowers with 20% deposits or equity can get this competitive fixed rate loan. Refinancers borrowing $250,000 or more can get a $3,000 cashback (Apply by 30 September 2021. Terms and conditions apply). Refinancers Only.

Athena Variable Home Loan P&IHome≥ 40% Deposit

Athena Variable Home  Loan
1.99%
1.99%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$555
Owner occupiers with 40% deposits or equity can get this competitive variable rate loan. No upfront or ongoing fees.

Homestar Star Gold P&IHome≥ 40% Deposit

Homestar Star Gold
1.79%
1.84%
  • App: $395
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$540
Refinancers and buyers with 40% deposits can get this very competitive variable rate. It even comes with a 100% offset account.

AMP Bank Professional Package Fixed Loan P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

AMP Bank Professional Package Fixed Loan
1.84%
2.63%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$544
$3,000 refinance cashback
Eligible refinancers can get a $3,000 cashback when borrowing $500K or more. Other terms and conditions apply. Get a low fixed rate package with no application or settlement fee. Available with a 20% deposit.

G&C Mutual Bank Momentum Home Loan P&IHome≥ 40% Deposit

G&C Mutual Bank Momentum Home Loan
1.99%
2.01%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$555
A variable rate loan for owner-occupiers looking to refinance. This loan has low fees and a 100% offset account.

ME Flexible Home Loan Fixed with Members Package P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

ME Flexible Home Loan Fixed with Members Package
1.89%
3.17%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$548
$3,000 cashback when refinancing a loan of $250,000 or more. Other conditions apply. Lock in a competitive rate for owner occupiers for two years. Comes with a 100% offset account.

Macquarie Bank Basic Fixed Home Loan P&IHome 3Y Fixed≥ 30% Deposit

Macquarie Bank Basic Fixed Home Loan
2.09%
2.17%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$563
Get a low interest rate and a mortgage with flexible, basic features. No application or ongoing fees. Requires a 30% deposit. Refinancers can switch with a convenient digital application.

Newcastle Permanent Building Society Premium Plus Package Fixed Rate P&IHome 3Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

Newcastle Permanent Building Society  Premium Plus Package Fixed Rate
2.09%
3.58%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$563
$2,000 cashback for eligible refinancers borrowing $250,000 or more.

IMB Fixed Rate Home Loan P&IHome 3Y Fixed≥ 5% Deposit

IMB Fixed Rate Home Loan
1.97%
2.81%
  • App: $449
  • Ongoing: $6 per month
$554
NSW and ACT customers only. 3 years fixed interest terms and free access to redraw facility online. Available with a 10% deposit.

homeloans.com.au Low Rate Home Loan with Offset P&IHome≥ 40% Deposit

homeloans.com.au Low Rate Home Loan with Offset
2.14%
2.16%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$567
A competitive rate with no application or ongoing fees. This loan is not available for construction.

Australian Unity Health, Wealth and Happiness Package Fixed Home Loan P&IHome 3Y Fixed≥ 30% Deposit

Australian Unity Health, Wealth and Happiness Package Fixed Home Loan
2.29%
2.80%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $399 p.a.
$578
Home buyers can lock in a low rate for 3 years. Requires a 30% deposit.

Virgin Money Reward Me Fixed Rate Home Loan P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

Virgin Money Reward Me Fixed Rate Home Loan
1.98%
2.66%
  • App: $300
  • Ongoing: $10 per month
$555
$3,000 refinance cashback.
Buy your home and lock in a low rate for the first two years. Get a $3,000 cashback when you switch to Virgin Money with a loan amount of $300,000 or more with an LVR up to 80%. You must apply by 30 November 2021 and settle by 28 February 2022.

Greater Bank Great Rate Fixed Home Loan P&IHome 1Y Fixed≥ -10% Deposit

Greater Bank Great Rate Fixed Home Loan
1.69%
2.34%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$533
Get one of the lowest rates on the market with this fixed rate mortgage. NSW, QLD and ACT residents only.

Well Home Loans Balanced Fixed Home Loan P&IHome 1Y Fixed≥ 10% Deposit

Well Home Loans Balanced Fixed Home Loan
1.84%
2.01%
  • App: $250
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$544
Owner occupiers can get a sharp fixed rate for the first year, plus an offset account. Available with a 10% deposit.

UBank UHomeLoan Fixed P&IHome 3Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

UBank UHomeLoan Fixed
1.85%
2.24%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$545
A competitive fixed rate loan with no ongoing fees. Requires a 20% deposit.

HSBC Home Value Loan P&IHome≥ 30% Deposit

HSBC Home Value Loan
2.19%
2.20%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$570
$3,288 refinance cashback offer
This competitive variable rate loan is available for borrowers with 30% deposits. Eligible refinancers borrowing $250,000 or more can get a $3,288 cashback. Terms and conditions apply.

Heritage Bank Fixed Rate Home Loan P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 5% Deposit

Heritage Bank Fixed Rate Home Loan
2.19%
4.23%
  • App: $600
  • Ongoing: $8 per month
$570
Get a fixed rate for two years and borrow up to 95%.

Homestar Star Classic Owner Occupied Fixed Special P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

Homestar Star Classic Owner Occupied Fixed Special
1.79%
2.12%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$540
Fix to a low rate for two years. Ongoing fee only applies while the rate is fixed. Requires a 20% deposit.

Westpac Flexi First Option Home Loan P&IHome≥ 5% Deposit

Westpac Flexi First Option Home Loan
2.09%
2.52%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 per month
$563
$3,000 refinance cashback
A flexible and competitive variable rate loan. Available to owner occupiers on principal and interest loans. $3,000 cashback for eligible refinancers. Apply by 30 September 2021. Terms and conditions apply.

St.George Basic Home Loan P&IHome≥ 20% Deposit

St.George Basic Home Loan
2.29%
2.31%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$578
$3,000 refinance cashback
Get this low-rate variable loan with a 20% deposit and pay $0 application fee. Borrow from $150k (or $250k to be eligible for the cashback offer). Apply by 30 September 2021. Terms and conditions apply. Refinancers Only.

Nano Variable Home Loans P&IInvestment≥ 25% Deposit Refi Only

Nano Variable Home Loans
2.29%
2.29%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$578
Investors can refinance this no-fee variable rate loan. You will need a 25% deposit. Fast online approval.

G&C Mutual Bank Fixed Rate Home Loan P&IHome 1Y Fixed≥ 5% Deposit

G&C Mutual Bank Fixed Rate Home Loan
1.98%
2.03%
  • App: $500
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$555
Lock in a sharp rate for the first year. Available with a 5% deposit.

Bank of Melbourne Advantage Package Fixed Home Loan P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

Bank of Melbourne Advantage Package Fixed Home Loan
1.84%
3.38%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$544
$3,000 refinance cashback
Get a competitive home loan rate for two years. Requires at least a 20% deposit. Refinancers borrowing $250,000 or more can get a $3,000 cashback (Apply by 30 September 2021. Terms and conditions apply). Refinancers Only.

Macquarie Bank Basic Home Loan P&IHome≥ 40% Deposit

Macquarie Bank Basic Home Loan
2.14%
2.14%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$567
Apply for the Macquarie Bank Basic Home Loan - LVR ≤ 60% (Owner Occupier, P&I) and get a low variable interest rate, plus no application and ongoing fees. Requires a 40% deposit.

Greater Bank Great Rate Home Loan P&I≥ 40% Deposit

Greater Bank Great Rate Home Loan
2.29%
2.30%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$578
Discounted special offer. This competitive variable loan requires a 40% deposit.

G&C Mutual Bank Basic Variable Home Loan P&IHome≥ 5% Deposit

G&C Mutual Bank Basic Variable Home Loan
2.49%
2.51%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$594
A low deposit home loan for owner-occupiers. Available with a 5% deposit.

Australian Unity Health, Wealth and Happiness Package Home Loan P&IHome≥ 30% Deposit

Australian Unity Health, Wealth and Happiness Package Home Loan
2.39%
2.82%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $399 p.a.
$586
A flexible, variable rate package loan with a 100% offset account. Requires a 30% deposit.

loans.com.au Green Home Loan IOHome≥ 10% Deposit

loans.com.au Green Home Loan
2.08%
2.39%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$562
Construction Loan: A competitive variable rate loan available for the construction of an energy-efficient home.

Well Home Loans Balanced Fixed Home Loan P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 10% Deposit

Well Home Loans Balanced Fixed Home Loan
1.95%
2.02%
  • App: $250
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$552
A low fixed mortgage with an optional 100% offset account. Not available for construction purposes.

Australian Unity Kickstarter Home Loan P&IHome≥ 30% Deposit

Australian Unity Kickstarter Home Loan
2.39%
2.42%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$586
A low-fee variable rate home loan with principal-and-interest repayments. Requires a 30% deposit.

loans.com.au Green Home Loan P&IInvestment≥ 10% Deposit

loans.com.au Green Home Loan
2.34%
2.63%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$582
Investors buying an energy-efficient property can get a discounted rate on this green investment loan.

Australian Unity Kickstarter Home Loan P&IHome≥ 20% Deposit

Australian Unity Kickstarter Home Loan
2.49%
2.52%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$594
This variable rate home loan has minimal fees and requires a 20% deposit.

loans.com.au Smart Booster Discount Variable Home Loan P&IHome≥ 20% Deposit

loans.com.au Smart Booster Discount Variable Home Loan
1.99%
2.47%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$555
Home buyers can get a very low discounted variable rate for the first year. Requires a 20% deposit. Add an offset account for an additional 0.10% on your interest rate. Get your loan processed fast and settle within 30 days.

St.George Fixed Rate Advantage Package P&IInvestment 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

St.George Fixed Rate Advantage Package
2.24%
3.89%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$574
$3,000 refinance cashback.
Investors can lock in a competitive rate for two years with this package loan. You will need at least a 20% deposit. Refinancers borrowing $250,000 or more can get a $3,000 cashback (Apply by 30 September 2021. Terms and conditions apply). Refinancers Only.

Well Home Loans Balanced Variable P&IHome≥ 20% Deposit

Well Home Loans Balanced Variable
1.99%
2.02%
  • App: $250
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$555
A very low interest rate for home buyers with 20% deposits saved. Add an offset account for a small fee.

loans.com.au Green Home Loan IOInvestment≥ 10% Deposit

loans.com.au Green Home Loan
2.59%
2.88%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$601
An interest-only investment loan for the purchase of an energy-efficient property. Available with a 10% deposit.

HSBC Home Value Loan P&IInvestment≥ 30% Deposit

HSBC Home Value Loan
2.44%
2.45%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$590
$3,288 refinance cashback offer
This variable rate loan is available for property investors with 30% deposits. This loan has very few fees. Eligible refinancers borrowing $250,000 or more can get a $3,288 cashback. Terms and conditions apply.

loans.com.au Green Home Loan IOInvestment≥ 10% Deposit

loans.com.au Green Home Loan
2.59%
2.90%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$601
Construction Loan: Investors building an energy-efficient property can get a discounted rate on this green investment loan with interest-only repayments.

Westpac Fixed Option Home Loan Premier Advantage Package P&IInvestment 2Y Fixed≥ 5% Deposit

Westpac Fixed Option Home Loan Premier Advantage Package
2.29%
3.97%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$578
$3,000 refinance cashback
A competitive fixed rate loan for investors that allows you to make up to $30,000 in extra repayments. Principal and interest loans only. $3,000 cashback for eligible refinancers. Apply by 30 September 2021. Terms and conditions apply.

Nano Variable Home Loans IOHome≥ 25% Deposit Refi Only

Nano Variable Home Loans
2.49%
2.17%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$594
An interest-only loan for refinancing owner-occupiers with 25% deposits or equity. This loan has no fees.

loans.com.au Green Home Loan P&IHome≥ 10% Deposit

loans.com.au Green Home Loan
2.08%
2.36%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$562
Buying an energy-efficient home to live in? Get a discounted rate and borrow up to 90%.

Well Home Loans Balanced Fixed Home Loan P&IHome 3Y Fixed≥ 10% Deposit

Well Home Loans Balanced Fixed Home Loan
2.14%
2.06%
  • App: $250
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$567
A low 3 year fixed rate for home buyers. Add a 100% offset account with a $10 monthly fee. Not available for construction purposes.

Athena Variable Home Loan P&IHome≥ 30% Deposit

Athena Variable Home  Loan
2.09%
2.02%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$563
A low variable rate for owner occupiers with 30% deposits. No upfront or ongoing fees.

Bank of Melbourne Advantage Package Fixed Home Loan P&IInvestment 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

Bank of Melbourne Advantage Package Fixed Home Loan
2.24%
3.91%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $395 p.a.
$574
$3,000 refinance cashback.
Lock in a low rate for two years with this competitive investment package loan. Refinancers borrowing $250,000 or more can get a $3,000 cashback (Apply by 30 September 2021. Terms and conditions apply). Refinancers Only.

Well Home Loans Balanced Fixed Home Loan P&IInvestment 3Y Fixed≥ 10% Deposit

Well Home Loans Balanced Fixed Home Loan
2.34%
2.36%
  • App: $250
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$582
A competitive 3 year investor rate with principal and interest repayments. Optional offset account with a $10 monthly fee. Not available for construction purposes.

Greater Bank Great Rate Fixed Home Loan P&IHome 2Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

Greater Bank Great Rate Fixed Home Loan
1.79%
2.30%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$540
A discounted 2 years fixed rate for home buyers. Available with just a 10% deposit. Guarantor option available. NSW, QLD and ACT residents only.

UBank UHomeLoan Variable Rate P&IHome≥ 20% Deposit

UBank UHomeLoan Variable Rate
2.34%
2.34%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$582
Enjoy flexible repayments, a redraw facility and the ability to split your loan. Plus, pay no application or ongoing fees.

Athena Variable Home Loan IOHome≥ 30% Deposit

Athena Variable Home  Loan
2.84%
2.32%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$621
A variable loan with interest-only repayments for owner-occupiers with 30% deposits. This loan has no fees.

Nano Variable Home Loans IOInvestment≥ 25% Deposit Refi Only

Nano Variable Home Loans
2.59%
2.40%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$601
This variable investment loan has interest-only repayments and is for refinancers only. Fast online approval. Requires a 25% deposit.

Suncorp Home Package Plus Fixed P&IInvestment 3Y Fixed≥ 20% Deposit

Suncorp Home Package Plus Fixed
2.28%
3.15%
  • App: $0
  • Ongoing: $0 p.a.
$577
$3,000 refinance cash bonus
Borrowers with 20% deposits can lock in a low fixed rate loan for three years. Eligible new borrowers can get the annual package fee reimbursed for the life of the loan. $3,000 refinance cash bonus for eligible borrowers. Other terms, conditions and eligibility criteria apply.

IMB Fixed Rate Home Loan P&IHome 1Y Fixed≥ 5% Deposit

IMB Fixed Rate Home Loan