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Top health insurance complaints

What are the most common complaints Australian consumers have about their health insurance cover? Read on to find out.

Each year, the Private Health Insurance Ombudsman (PHIO) releases an annual report detailing trends and issues in the Australian private health insurance market. Included in this report are figures and analysis of the complaints the PHIO receives regarding health insurance and private health funds.

In the most recent annual report, for the 2015-16 period, the PHIO (which has now merged with the Office of the Commonwealth Ombudsman) received 4,416 complaints – the largest figure ever recorded. So, what were the most complained about problems and how do they reflect on the Australian health insurance industry as a whole? Let’s take a closer look.

What’s in a complaint?

The PHIO’s role is to protect the interests of health insurance consumers. To this end, one of its key roles is dealing with complaints not only from health fund members but also from health funds, private hospitals, health insurance brokers and medical practitioners.

According to the PHIO, a complaint “must be an expression of dissatisfaction with a matter arising out of or connected with a private health insurance arrangement”.

Record number of complaints

The 4,416 complaints registered in 2015-16 was the highest number of complaints received by the Ombudsman since the establishment of what was then known as a Complaints Commissioner in 1996-97.

The table below shows the number of complaints received since 1999-2000. The large jump in the number of complaints in the 2000-01 year reflects the increased number of Australians who took out private health insurance cover following the introduction of the government’s private health insurance rebate and the Lifetime Health Cover scheme.

Complaint levels then dropped slightly over the next few years, thanks largely to increased awareness of annual health insurance premium increases and improvements in complaint-handling processes across the health insurance industry.

Complaint numbers remained relatively steady for the best part of a decade, until 2013-14 when the 4,265 complaints received represented a jump of 24% on the previous year.

YearNumber of complaints received
1999-20001,875
2000-013,357
2001-023,182
2002-033,568
2003-042,992
2004-052,571
2005-062,374
2006-072,340
2007-082,385
2008-092,502
2009-102,618
2010-113,070
2011-122,995
2012-132,955
2013-143,427
2014-154,265
2015-164,416

What’s caused the recent rise in health insurance complaints?

There is no single issue that has prompted the spike in complaints to the Ombudsman in the past few years. Instead, there are multiple issues and developments at play.

One of the key concerns among health fund members is the annual premium increase on 1 April each year. Over the 2010-17 period, Australian health funds have increased their premiums by an average of more than 44% and the cost of private health insurance is a constant topic of complaints received.

Another reason for this spike is a rise in what are sometimes referred to as “junk” policies. Most health funds offer entry-level hospital cover policies that only provide a basic level of cover. However, some consumers are unaware of the restrictions and exclusions that apply to their policy and often get a nasty surprise when they are hospitalised and find out that their health fund won’t offer any cover.

It’s also worth pointing out that the number of Australians who have private health insurance cover has increased in recent years. Figures from the Private Health Insurance Administration Council reveal that:

  • On 31 December 2009, 9,866,201 Australians had hospital cover and 11,362,705 had extras cover
  • On 31 December 2016, 11,327,512 had hospital cover and 13,463,257 had extras cover

However, for a better understanding of the driving forces behind increased complaint numbers, let’s take a look at the most commonly complained about issues across the health insurance industry.

What are the most common health insurance complaints?

The most common private health insurance complaints during 2015-16 were:

Benefits: 1,359 complaints

The largest area of complaint was the benefits paid by private health funds, headlined by hospital cover policies with unexpected exclusions and restrictions. Basic and budget levels of cover often restrict or exclude services that many fund members assume will be included in cover as they are routine treatments.

Delayed benefit payments, fund rules that limited the benefit amount payable and failure of policies to cover the medical gap were other common concerns.

Membership: 845 complaints

Complaints involving health fund membership generally concern delays or issues in funds processing policy cancellations as well as funds cancelling memberships when premium payments are in arrears.

Another significant cause for complaint was delays in issuing clearance certificates required by consumers to switch from one health fund to another.

Service: 704 complaints

Complaints about service issues tend to arise as a result of other complaints. These include issues such as poor customer service, funds being too slow to rectify simple issues, problems paying premiums and unsatisfactory internal processes for dealing with complaints.

Information: 599 complaints

The majority of information-related complaints arise due to disputes or misunderstandings about oral advice provided by an fund, although written advice also features prominently. Complaints about the verbal advice a consumer received can also be quite complex and difficult to process, especially if the fund doesn’t keep a recording of the conversation that took place.

Waiting periods: 363 complaints

Health funds can impose a 12-month waiting period on treatments for pre-existing conditions, and disputes around what constitutes a pre-existing condition and how this waiting period is applied were a common cause for complaints in 2015–16.

Rule changes: 147 complaints

While health funds are permitted to make detrimental changes to their policies, they must provide suitable advance warning to members to give them time to adjust their cover or change funds. Complaints regarding detrimental changes to policies and the failure of some funds to provide adequate notice to members featured prominently.

Who was complained about?

In the 2015-16 financial year, complaints about health funds dominated the statistics, making up a whopping 88% of all complaints received. Complaints about overseas visitors funds came next with 7%, followed by health insurance brokers (2%), hospitals (1%) and healthcare practitioners (1%).

As the table below shows, the most complained about health funds also tend to have the largest market share.

Top 5 most complained about health funds in 2015-16

Name of fundPercentage of complaintsMarket share
Medibank40.2%28.6%
Bupa21.7%26.8%
HCF10.6%10.5%
nib7.8%7.9%
Australian Unity5.1%3.1%

What should I do if I have a complaint?

Before contacting the PHIO, you should contact your health fund to try to resolve your complaint. If no resolution is reached or you’re unhappy with their response, you can make a complaint to the Commonwealth Ombudsman in the following ways:

  • By phone. The complaints number is 1300 362 072 and the office is staffed from 9am to 5pm Monday to Friday (AEST).
  • Online. An online complaints form can be accessed through the Ombudsman’s website.
  • By post. You can post your complaint to Commonwealth Ombudsman, GPO Box 442, Canberra ACT 2601.

Compare health insurance policies from 30+ funds

Picture: Shutterstock

Tim Falk

A freelance writer with a passion for the written word, Tim loves helping Australians find the right home loans and savings accounts. When he's not chained to a computer, Tim can usually be found exploring the great outdoors.

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