Getting approval for a home loan doesn’t always mean you’re in the clear. Learn about the different types of approval.
When you’re going through the home loan process, there are various stages of approval before your home loan actually gets to settlement. This can be fairly confusing, as it can be tough to understand when you’ve actually been approved and can breathe a sigh of relief. In general, your approval for a home loan can go through three stages.
Pre-approval is nothing more than a computer-generated yes or no to let you know if you’re likely to be approved for the amount you’re borrowing. Pre-approval takes into account the financial information you’ve provided to the lender to determine whether or not the amount you’re looking to borrow is suitable.
Pre-approval is in no way binding to either party. Just because a lender has pre-approved you for a certain amount, you are under no obligation to take it. Likewise, a lender is under no obligation to give you a home loan based upon pre-approval. In essence, pre-approval is just giving you and the lender a rough idea of the size of home loan you’re likely to qualify for.
Nevertheless, pre-approval is handy to have. When you’re house hunting, already having pre-approval for a specified amount can help show vendors that you’re serious.
While many buyers will attend and bid at auction with only pre-approval, it is worth being wary. Remember, just because you’ve been pre-approved, it doesn’t mean your home loan will make it to settlement without any difficulties. Pre-approval definitely gives you firmer footing to bid at auction, but should you have the winning bid, you can still come unstuck if your pre-approval doesn’t make its way to unconditional approval.
Conditional approval means a lender has approved your home loan in principle, subject to certain conditions being met. At this stage, a lender has received the documentation supporting your application and has actually assessed your financial position and home loan suitability. They’ve offered to extend you credit, so long as you can meet the conditions of approval.
Some of the stipulations of conditional approval may be that the lender wants to see a valuation of the property you’re intending to buy. They may want to determine whether the value of the property matches the loan-to-value ratio loan-to-value ratio (LVR) and loan size they’ve said they’d be willing to lend you.
A conditional approval may also mean a lender simply wants more documentation about your liabilities and assets. They may require more payslips or an employer’s letter.
If you apply for a home loan and receive notice that you’ve only been given conditional approval, don’t panic. Odds are the lender just wants a bit more information before offering full approval. However, as with pre-approval, neither you or the lender are obligated to proceed with the loan.
Unconditional approval is the final stage of your home loan application before the loan actually reaches settlement. This means the lender has taken all your financial information into account and is willing to offer you a specific amount of money for a specific property.
Again, you are under no obligation to accept the loan at this point. However, unconditional approval is the stage at which you will be sent loan offer documents. Once you’ve signed and returned these, you have agreed to borrow a certain amount of money under certain terms and your loan will move toward settlement.
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