Starting Work? – A Guide for Teenagers

first-job

Becoming financially independent.

When you branch out on your own and start earning your own way through life you will immediately be subjected to paying tax on what you earn. That is if you earn enough to be taxed. To take advantage of any taxation benefits you will have to register with the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) to get yourself a tax file number. This tax file number will last you throughout your working life. If you don't have a tax file number you will be liable to pay 45 percent tax on all that you earn. Once you have your tax file number however you will not have to pay any tax at all on the first $18,200 you earn from June 1, 2012. For every dollar you earn over $18,200, up to $37,000, you will be taxed at 32.5 cents. The amount of tax you will have to pay on what you earn above those amounts can be ascertained from the ATO website.

Superannuation guarantee contributions

Once you start work and you are over 18 years of age earning a minimum of $450 monthly before tax, you will be entitled to superannuation guarantee contributions from your employer.

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    It makes no difference whether you are working full time or part time, every working Australian is entitled to receive the superannuation guarantee payments as this amount has been derived from previous pay increases that were given as superannuation payments. To be eligible you must be working at least 30 hours a week and it also includes contractors who are paid primarily for the labour they provide to an employer. Your employer will have to pay the superannuation guarantee, that is currently 9 percent of your before tax earnings, into your superannuation fund account every three months. These contributions are in excess of your salary or wages. You can choose your own superannuation fund or you can allow your employer to place the contributions into whatever fund he or she prefers. If you want your superannuation contributions to go to a fund of your choosing you employer has to give you a 'Standard Choice Form' that will allow you to put your choice of fund in writing.

    The Australian minimum wage

    If you are over 18 years of age your employer will have to pay you a minimum of $569.90 a week or $15 an hour. You can not be paid less no matter if you are an Australian citizen or not. If you are under 18 years of age the rate varies according to your age and your rights can be ascertained by visiting Fair Work Australia Website.

    Your taxation obligations

    At the finish of every financial year (June 30) you will receive a summary of what you have earned during the year along with the amount of tax your employer has deducted from your pay and forwarded to the ATO. You will then have to complete a taxation return and lodge it with the ATO by October 31 along with the certificate issued by your employer. If you have had too much withheld from your pay and sent to the ATO you will be entitled to a refund. If you have had too little deducted you will have to pay the ATO the difference. You will have to declare all your earnings for the year on your taxation return, not just that paid to you by your employer. You will also have the opportunity to claim certain deductions that will lower your taxable income and therefore lower the amount of tax you will have to pay.

    Many people complete their own taxation return every financial year whereas others prefer to have a specialist tax accountant to do it for them. It depends a lot on how complicated your earnings have become over the year and how many deductions you are entitled to. If you are self employed and have completed many jobs over the year you may find it harder to complete your return than a person who has only had the one job and one income stream. In these more simple cases you can obtain a 'Tax Pack' from your post office or newsagent. All you need do in this case is to read the instructions, fill the form out as instructed and return it to the ATO with any relevant proofs of your claims. More recently you have been able to submit your tax return online through what is known as MyTax.  You can do this by visiting the ATO website

    Once you have this website open you simply click on the MyTax link and follow the instructions.

    A good time to take out a life insurance policy

    Now you are all set up it is a good time think about your life insurance. Life insurance is much cheaper to purchase when young as much of the premium you will have to pay is age based. The older you get the bigger risk you are to the life insurance company. It therefore makes sense to start your basic protection at this early stage. Although many life insurance companies promote term life insurance these days, because they can offer larger amounts of cover at a lower cost, you can only take such cover out for a certain term. Hence its name. Once this term has expired and you still require the cover you will have to take out the same insurance for a further term at a higher premium cost. All the money you have paid in premiums up to this time will be forfeited, unless you have died while covered and the amount you were insured for has been paid to your beneficiaries.

    Find out more about the Benefits of Life Insurance for Teenagers

    Whole life insurance presents a better option for the young

    Alternatively you can take out whole life insurance and while young this is your best option. Whole life insurance will last you your whole life as long as you keep paying the premiums. There is no term involved and no increase in premium costs. It is a life insurance whereby a portion of the premium paid is diverted towards an investment, or savings. After a period this investment portion gives the policy a cash value of its own therefore you will always get your premium payments back if you need to surrender the policy for any reason. If you keep paying the premiums you will always be insured and the cost as you age will not be a problem. Many advise taking out a minimum of $50,000 in whole life insurance while young and as your responsibilities increase over the years you can add to this amount with lower priced term insurance.

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