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A carbon-neutral spot bitcoin ETF? Still no, says US SEC


The latest attempt for a true Bitcoin ETF included an environmental angle. It still wasn't enough to persuade the SEC in the US.

One River's Carbon Neutral Bitcoin ETF just became the latest in a series of true Bitcoin ETFs earning a rejection from the Securities and Exchange Commission in the United States.

The plan was for a spot Bitcoin ETF – meaning the ETF would track Bitcoin's price by owning Bitcoin directly – with an environmentally sensitive twist.

But that didn't help. While the SEC has approved a number of Bitcoin ETFs that track the crypto via futures, hope among investors for U.S.-traded ETFs that actually own the asset have been repeatedly dashed.

What One River's Carbon Neutral Bitcoin ETF offered

Like other proposed Bitcoin spot ETFs, this one would have bought and held Bitcoin itself. SEC approval of such ETFs might signal greater acceptance of the crypto and contribute to a higher price.

The twist was that One River pledged to buy and dispose of carbon credits to account for the emissions associated with Bitcoin in the fund. Bitcoin creation via electronic mining is energy intensive, raising concern about the impact of providing that electricity.

Similar to all previous spot Bitcoin ETF rejections, the SEC said One River's proposal to list on the NYSE Arca exchange "lacks sufficient investor protections."

Existing Bitcoin ETFs approved by the SEC instead track the coin via futures, where trading is regulated.

Existing Bitcoin ETFs

If you want exposure to Bitcoin's price via an ETF, you can currently invest in Bitcoin futures ETFs. These ETFs don't hold any Bitcoin on their balance sheet.

Some of these ETFs include:

Another alternative to Bitcoin spot ETFs are the Bitcoin mining ETFs. These ETFs provide exposure to companies that directly mine Bitcoin or build the hardware required for mining. These include:

  • Valkyrie Bitcoin Miners ETF (WGMI)
  • Viridi Cleaner Energy Crypto-Mining & Semiconductor ETF (RIGZ)
  • Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ)

For a broader look at Bitcoin ETFs, see our dedicated guide.

Interested in cryptocurrency? Learn more about the basics with our beginner's guide to Bitcoin, dive deeper by learning about Ethereum and see what blockchain can do with our simple guide to DeFi.

Kliment Dukovski owns cryptocurrencies as of the publishing date.

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