Find out how stepped and level premiums actually work and what suits your situation better.
Looking to secure a life insurance policy to protect the financial wellbeing of your loved ones? While there are many different things to consider, (from level of cover and type of protection to policy features) cost is often the key deciding factor when purchasing a life insurance plan.
One important feature that affects the cost of cover is whether you choose stepped or level premiums.
What are the key differences between stepped and level premiums?
The difference between stepped and level premiums is how much you will pay as time goes on.
- Stepped premiums will generally increase with your age eg every year at the "policy anniversary" your premium is re-calculated.
- Level premiums will remain the same despite your age eg you'll usually pay more in the beginning but it will even out over time.
Both types of premium structure have different benefits that make them suitable for different types of policyholders.
There is a third option available to policyholders in the form of hybrid premiums. Hybrid premiums are the middle point between stepped and level premiums.
Hybrid premiums cost more at the beginning of the policy than stepped but lower the level premiums. Premiums increase until the policy reaches a predetermined age when the premiums level off.
Once this happens the premiums are higher than level but are lower than stepped and not subject to increase. Not all insurers offer hybrid premiums.
|Key differences||Stepped premiums||Level premiums|
|What type of mortgage is it similar to?||Similar to the nature of a variable mortgage.||Has characteristics similar to a fixed mortgage.|
|How often do my payments increase?||Premiums are reviewed and calculated on a yearly basis on every policy anniversary.||Premium rates remain the same, with small increase each year due to indexation to keep up with inflation (usually around 5% or higher than the CPI).|
|What about as I get older?||Your premiums will increase significantly once your reach age 50 and over.||Your premiums will generally become more affordable for policy owners once they reach the later stages of life.|
Sample stepped and levelled premiums for different ages
|Age||Annual stepped premium||Annual level premium|
27 year average
Total premium to age 65
Stepped premiums are a type of premium structure that will increase over time as you age and the higher the likelihood that you will make a claim. The older you are, the more likely that you health may deteriorate and therefore, your premiums (under stepped structure) will increase significantly, especially past 50 years of age.
With stepped premiums, the cost of cover will start off quite low when you apply for life insurance at a young age. Therefore, it may be suitable for applicants who have limited disposable income and are looking to secure short-term life insurance cover.
Unlike stepped premiums, your premiums will not increase as you age when you opt for level premium structure. Instead, your rates will be calculated based on your age at the time of application and locked in at a fixed rate for the duration of your policy. It is important to note that level premiums may still change in the future due to inflation rate, Consumer Price Index (CPI) and increase in policy fees, although the rise may be considerably less than stepped premiums.
With level premiums, the rates you pay at the commencement of your policy are generally higher when compared to stepped rates. However, your premium rates are calculated over the life of your policy and therefore, your cover will become more affordable as you get older and accumulate more wealth. Level premium structure is suitable for applicants who are looking to secure long-term life insurance cover.
Some insurers offer all three types of premiums while others offer only one or two.
|TAL Accelerated Protection|
|Zurich Wealth Protection|
|TAL Lifetime Protection|
The premium cost of your cover will also depend on a number of different factors, such as:
- Age. The older you are, the more expensive your premiums will be due to increased health risks.
- Gender. Men generally pay more in life insurance premiums compared to women as they are more prone to certain medical conditions in the later stages of life.
- Occupation. Working in a high risk environment will also cause your premiums to be much higher compared to those who work in an office.
- Health condition. If you have pre-existing medical condition, you will generally pay more in premiums than others in good health.
- Lifestyle. Smokers will pay almost double in premiums compared to those who do not smoke, regardless of how often you smoke. Applicants with high Body Mass Index (BMI) and/or higher than average alcohol consumption can also expect to pay much higher premiums.
- Pastimes. Insurers also do take into account the sort of activities you do outside of work on a regular basis. Undertaking dangerous hobbies such as skydiving, parasailing and bungee jumping can increase your chances in making a claim and therefore, you can expect to pay significantly more in premiums.
Other than the factors mentioned above, there is also another key element to consider that will affect your premiums rates – your choice of premium structure: stepped premiums or level premiums. This article will discuss the differences between these two premium styles and tips to choose the right type of premium to suit your needs.
Choosing between which life insurance premium option suits you best may not be so simple. However, it is important to assess your current and future financial needs to determine the most appropriate structure to your personal circumstances. To help you make informed decisions on which premium structure, level or stepped premiums, is suitable to your financial situation, consider the following:
- Level premium payments are best suited to long-term insurance contracts This is because the premium you pay in the beginning will be the same as you will be paying at the finish. You will have to pay a higher premium than the stepped option initially but when you get older you'll be paying much less. The occasion when this might not be so preferable will be if you are strapped for cash and on a low wage initially but expect your earnings to increase substantially in later years where you feel the higher premium rate won't be a problem.
- Stepped premiums are ideally suited to short-term insurance cover as the increase in premium as you age won't be as severe over a few short years as it is over a long period If you are considering short-term cover, for a period of less than ten years, stepped premium structure may be more suitable.
- Hybrid premium payments are becoming popular This type of premium structure is similar to a variable interest rate mortgage with a fixed interest rate. A hybrid premium is usually made up of initially stepped premiums for the first few years, allowing you to take advantage of the lower rate to accommodate your tight budget at the start, and changing to a level premium at a later date to allow you to handle the cost better in your latter years.
It is crucial for all life insurance applicants to consider their own situation and how this may change into the future in years to come when considering which option is best for you.