Why are infrastructure developments important for property investors?
Why you should consider upcoming infrastructure expenditure when deciding the location for your next property investment.
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Major infrastructure upgrades are frequently associated with strong demand in local markets, as property investors often seek locations with infrastructure developments in the pipeline. So how do infrastructure developments unlock future capital growth?
With state-funded projects scheduled across Australia, we take a look at how infrastructure projects can provide attractive opportunities for property investors, and compare some of the major transport developments currently, or soon to be, underway.
What is infrastructure?
Infrastructure provides essential services that drive economic growth, employment and productivity, and can be classified into three main categories;
- Utilities: electricity, gas, communications and water
- Transport: airports, roads, and rail
- Social: schools, hospitals and community facilities
Why is infrastructure important to investors?
There is historical evidence to suggest that new infrastructure projects boost the local economy by creating new jobs and attracting more people to a precinct. Not only do infrastructure projects increase employment and local property values, but they also provide indirect benefits to the community such as consumer expenditure and social benefits of community development-- all of which drive demand.
This is why property investors should take an active interest in reviewing both current and planned infrastructure projects within different markets.
In particular, road upgrades and developments play a critical role in driving up property values, as these projects make areas more accessible. For instance, the extension of the Mitchell Freeway to the Hester Avenue development is forecast to have a positive impact on property values in surrounding areas, such as Mindarie in Perth, Western Australia.
How can infrastructure upgrades increase property prices?
Take the $1.7 billion Hunter Expressway road development project that will provide a dual highway linking the F3 and the New England Highway, for example. Announced in the 2009 Federal Budget, the infrastructure project created greater demand around the interchange areas of the project. Land in the surrounding suburbs benefited from capital growth where properties were rented out at record high rent yields.
The western suburbs of Sydney located near upcoming infrastructure projects are forecast to experience the biggest growth in the city’s property market over the next 12 months. In particular, western regions due for house price growth include Liverpool and Camden, which will benefit from the South West Rail Link and Badgerys Creek airport projects in the form of population growth and demand for property.
Property investors must realise that there is often a gestation period with infrastructure projects so while a tender may be announced today, it could take several years before construction begins.
A planned infrastructure project is a strong indicator of employment growth and due to the strong correlation between job growth and property price growth, investors should look for opportunities in areas where infrastructure projects have been announced. To demonstrate, the $3.5 billion Northconnex Tunnel project has created 1,250 direct jobs in NSW and this will likely push up property prices in surrounding exit areas such as Wahroonga and West Pennant Hills.
Are some infrastructure projects better than others?
When determining the importance of an infrastructure project, you should consider the size and scale of the project to identify whether it's likely to have an impact on demand or supply within the area.
The nature of the project and type of infrastructure project is also critical. For instance, an airport may be more beneficial to property investors compared to a roadwork construction, as an airport will provide sustained employment and demand beyond the construction period. While a new highway or road work is valuable, it won’t create employment once the project is completed.
What about the timing of infrastructure projects?
Some property investors buy into an area during the hype of a current infrastructure project, but a good time to invest in a market with planned infrastructure is once the tender has been placed and the project has been confirmed to go ahead.
How can property investors minimise exposure to the inevitable ‘burst’ of the Australia’s property market?
While most regions in Greater Sydney and Melbourne have experienced double-digit growth in recent times, there is speculation that this will not always be the case- something’s gotta give.
With evidence to suggest that both the Sydney and Melbourne markets have cooled, investors need to be selective about how they can secure capital growth, and this can be achieved by focusing on locations with planned infrastructure spend.
The south-west region of Sydney, including suburbs such as Camden and Liverpool, has experienced enormous growth and will likely benefit from current and future infrastructure projects. For instance, the north-west region of Sydney will benefit from the $9 billion North West Rail Link which is currently under construction.
Such infrastructure projects will make certain areas of Sydney and Melbourne ripe for long term capital growth, beyond the current growth phase of these property markets.
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Main infrastructure projects in Australia
Victoria: Melbourne’s Rail Link (including Airport Rail Link)
The Melbourne Rail Link will include two tunnels from Southern Cross to South Yarra as part of a new Frankston to Lilydale/Belgrave line, new underground stations as well as new underground platforms at Southern Cross and South Yarra stations, the Melbourne Airport Rail Link which will connect Melbourne Airport to the Southern Cross Station and the Cranbourne-Pankenham corridor, as well as a range of tram and bus improvements within the inner north region.
Brisbane: Bruce Highway (Brisbane-Gympie); Caloundra Road-Sunshine Motorway
This project will include an upgrade of the existing Sunshine Motorway and Caloundra Road section of the Bruce Highway to a 6 lane motorway with improved interchanges and service roads. The tender was put in place in the final quarter of this year, construction is due to commence in the third quarter of 2016 and the project is scheduled to finish in 2020.
New South Wales: Gosford Hospital Redevelopment
In February 2015, the NSW Government announced $368 million for the Gosford Hospital redevelopment. The tender was put in place and construction will begin in the final quarter of this year and the project is due to be completed by 2019.
Western Australia: Woodman Point Waste Water Treatment Plant Interim Upgrade to 150ML per day
With the tender being placed in July 2016, this project is designed to deliver upgrade to primary & secondary treatment assets to enable the wastewater treatment plant to treat 150ML/day. Construction is forecast to end by March 2019.
South Australia: The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Redevelopment- Stage 3A
This infrastructure project involves the construction of a new clinical services building that consists of an emergency department, care unit and outpatient clinics. The construction is scheduled to start in the first quarter of 2017 and will end in 2018.
Tasmania: Macquarie Point Project
Involving the redevelopment of the Macquarie Point site, this project will begin in the third quarter of 2016 and commence in 2026.
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