How superannuation changes affect everyone
Under new rules the lifetime contributions cap scrapped, and self-managed funds are hit hard.
The federal government's proposed changes to superannuation legislation passed Parliament last week. The amendments will apply from July 2017, and while super funds and tax agents prep for the transition, Australian investors can also benefit from understanding how the revised system will affect them.
Changes to pre-tax contributions
Concessional contributions (additional funds above employer contributions, taxed at super rates) are currently capped at $30,000 per year ($35,000 for those aged 50+). As part of the new rules, the cap will be reduced to $25,000 per year. You can still add extra funds but you won't receive any tax benefits.
For individuals earning less than $300,000 per annum, contributions are taxed at a rate of 15%. Those who earn more are taxed at 30% but from July 2017, if you earn more than $250,000 a year, contributions will be taxed at the higher rate (30%).
Currently individuals earning less than 10% of their income from employment receive tax deductions on personal contributions. The new rules provide deductions on personal contributions for anyone.
Catch-up contributions will be introduced on a rolling five-year basis for those earning under $500,000.
Low income earners (up to $37,000 per year) will receive a tax refund up to $500 on contributions under the new Low Income Super Tax Offset.
Changes to after-tax contributions
Originally the government planned to introduce a $500,000 non-concessional lifetime cap on contributions, but this policy has since been scrapped.
Contributions are currently capped at $180,000 per year for individuals under the age of 65. This will be lowered to $100,000 a year on super balances less than $1.6 million.
Also introduced, a $1.6 million super transfer balance cap on the total amount of superannuation that any person can transfer into retirement phase accounts.
The new contributions limits may compel SMSFs to sell property assets, as they will no longer be able to contribute additional funds once their super savings reach $1.6 million and many rely on their ability to deposit post-tax money into their super in order to pay off their mortgage.
Transition pension fund earnings are currently tax-free. From July, they will be taxed at up to 15%, while pension payments remain tax free from the age of 60.
Under current rules, those under 65 can make three years worth of contributions in one year (up to $540,000). This will be amended to allow individuals to make two or three years worth of contributions in one year (up to $300,000), dependent upon their total super balance.
Currently there is a contributions tax offset for spouses earning less than $13,800. From July, tax offsets will apply for spouse's earning less than $40,000.
There are also changes to superannuation death benefits. Anti-detriment payments (basically, a refund of contribution tax paid by the deceased) will be eliminated.
To learn more about superannuation generally, check out finder's superannuation guide.