Finder Top 20 Stock Exchanges
Ever wondered what the largest 20 exchanges in the world are? Well here they are.
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To help investors understand the size and opportunities that exist in the global financial markets, we’ve put together this handy list of the top 20 largest exchanges.
The list has been arranged in terms of market capitalisations and all figures are US dollar terms as of 31 August 2021.
1. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Dating back to 1792 the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) has grown to become the largest stock exchange in the world based on the total market capitalisation.
Located on Wall Street in New York the exchange is open for trading Monday through Friday from 9.30am to 4pm local time, with the exception of holidays.
Sometimes known as “The Big Board” the NYSE operates as a continuous auction format where traders can execute stock transactions on behalf of investors.
Market Capitalisation: As of 31 August 2021 the NYSE had a listed market cap of US$26.6 trillion.
Well known stocks: Apple, Nike, Coca Cola, Bank of America and General Motors.
2. The Nasdaq stock exchange
The Nasdaq stock market is another New York City based stock exchange system, albeit slightly smaller than the NYSE.
Founded in 1971 as the world’s first electronic marketplace. Its name is an acronym for National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations.
Due to its technology focus, most of the world’s technology giants now list on the Nasdaq.
Market Capitalisation: As of 31 August the Nasdaq had a listed market cap of US$23.46 trillion.
Well known stocks: Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, Tesla and Alphabet (Google’s parent company).
3. The Shanghai Stock Exchange
The Shanghai Stock Exchange is 1 of 2 exchanges operating independently in mainland China and has grown to become the largest exchange in Asia based on market capitalisation.
The current version of the Shanghai stock exchange was established in 1990, although it is not entirely open to foreign investment.
The exchange operates on 2 boards with the Main Board consisting of larger well established companies while the STAR Market is where smaller companies are listed.
Market Capitalisation: As of 31 August it was valued at US$7.63 trillion.
Well known stocks: Agricultural Bank of China, China Life, Ping An Insurance, PetroChina and Bank of China.
4. The Euronext stock exchange
The Euronext stock exchange is 1 of 2 markets on this list that are actually not country based.
Instead, the market gives investors access to 7 different exchanges that have come together: Amsterdam, Brussels, Dublin, Lisbon, Milan, Oslo and Paris.
It was founded as the Amsterdam Stock Exchange in 1602 and rebranded into a consortium in 2000. The consortium operates out of Amsterdam and Paris.
Market Capitalisation: As of August, Euronext had a market cap of US$7.33 trillion.
Well known stocks: Accor, Coca-Cola Europacif, Heineken, L’Oreal and Nokia.
5. The Tokyo Exchange (TSE)
The Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) is the main stock market in Japan and is one of the largest in the world.
Located in Tokyo, the exchange first opened in 1878 primarily trading in government bonds, before moving into shares post World War 2. Its operating hours are from 8:00-11:30am, and from 12:30-5:00pm.
With over 2,000 companies listed and over $6 trillion in assets, the Tokyo Exchange is now the fifth largest in the world.
Market capitalisation: As of 31 August the exchange was valued at US$6.79 trillion.
Well known stocks: Toyota, Sony, SoftBank, NTT Docomo and Keyence Corporation.
6. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange
Founded in 1891, the Hong Kong exchange under the Association of Stockbrokers in Hong Kong has grown to become one of the largest in Asia.
Since its small beginnings the exchange has grown to house more than 2,300 companies.
Data released from the country's financial magazines show more than 50% of the companies listed on the exchange are now owned and operating in mainland China.
Market capitalisation: US$6.02 trillion.
Well known for: Tencent, ICBC, AIA, HSBC Holdings and PetroChina.
7. The Shenzhen Stock Exchange
The second of the 2 Chinese stock exchanges that operate in mainland China, Shenzhen’s market has grown to be the fourth largest exchange in Asia.
Starting on 1 December 1990, its products include A-shares, B-shares, indices, mutual funds, fixed income products and diversified derivative products.
The exchange has pre-market sessions from 9:15am to 9:25am and normal trading sessions from 9:30am to 12:30pm and 1:00pm to 3:00pm
Market capitalisation: US$5.79 trillion.
Well known stocks: Contemporary Amperex Technology, BYD Company, Midea Group, Konka Group and CBC.
8. The LSE (London Stock Exchange)
London Stock Exchange is one of the oldest exchanges in the world, with its origins being traced back to coffee houses of the 17th century.
Fast forward to today and the exchange is now almost entirely electronic, processing millions of trades per day for over 3,000 companies operating in over 60 countries and 40 sectors.
With some notable companies listed on the exchange, it has grown into one of the largest exchanges in the world.
Market capitalisation: US$4.59 trillion.
Well known stocks: Unilever, Vodafone, Barclays, Rolls-Royce and IAG.
9. The NSE (National Stock Exchange of India)
The National Stock Exchange, located in Mumbai, is the leading stock exchange in India.
First established in 1992, the market has gone from strength-to-strength although still remains a small percentage of national GDP, especially when compared with corporations listed on other exchanges.
Despite having only a minority of India’s 7,400 listed companies on the National Stock Exchange compared with the Bombay Stock exchange, it still remains the larger of the 2 markets.
Market Capitalisation: As at 31 August the NSE had US$3.4 trillion.
Well known stocks: Hindustan Unilever, Titan Company, Colgate-Palmolive, Emani and Dabur.
10. The TSX (Toronto Stock Exchange)
The Toronto Stock Exchange, located in Toronto, Canada, is the tenth largest exchange in the world and is the third largest in North America.
Established in 1852 by the TMX group, the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) is the most significant stock exchange in Canada.
Made up of major Canadian companies, the TSX allows investors access to securities that aren’t listed anywhere else, in particular, some of the world’s largest resource companies.
Market capitalisation: $3.32 billion.
Well known stocks: Air Canada, Dollarama, Shopify Inc, Champion Iron Limited and Trisura Group Ltd.
12. Saudi Stock Exchange
The Saudi Stock Exchange, or Tadawul, formed in 2007 as a joint stock company, and is the sole authorised entity to trade in the country.
Tadawul is considered the largest capital market in the Middle East and North Africa.
Investors can trade between 10am and 3.10pm local time, with a few more than 200 companies listed on the exchange.
Market Capitalisation: $2.62 trillion.
Well known stocks: Al Rajhi Bank, Etihad, Saudi Investment Bank and Saudi Arabian Oil Co.
13. Nasdaq Nordic & Baltic
The Nasdaq Nordic is the common name for the subsidiary of the US listed Nasdaq that provides a marketplace for companies in the Nordic and Baltic regions of Europe.
The market is made up of stocks sold by companies in countries including Sweden, Finland and Denmark that can be traded in one place. Combined, it’s one of the biggest exchanges in Europe.
The market allows investors to trade shares, bonds, convertible loans, exchange traded funds and warrants.
Market Capitalisation: US$2.56 trillion.
Well known stocks: Vitrolife, Volvo A and B, Nordnet, SimCorp and Zealand Pharma.
14. Korea Exchange
The Korea Exchange is the sole securities exchange that operates in South Korea. Its headquarters lie in Busan but it also operates out of Seoul.
Established in 2005, the market allows investors to trade stock and futures, with over 2,000 companies currently listed on the exchange.
Market Capitalisation: US$2.37 trillion.
Well known stocks: Samsung Electronics, LG, Hyundai Motor Company, Kakao and Naver corporation.
15. Swiss Exchange
The SIX Swiss Exchange is the principal stock exchange in Switzerland.
The exchange began in 1993 after the merging of the Geneva Stock Exchange, the Basel Stock Exchange and the Zurich exchange.
It is now based out of Zurich, although its origins trace back to the 1850s.
Market Capitalisation: US$2.18 trillion.
Well known stocks: Nestle, Chubb, Roche Holdings, ABB and Swatch Group.
16. Taiwan Stock exchange
One of the younger exchanges on this list, the Taiwan Stock exchange was founded in 1962 and is now located in Taipei Taiwan.
It is currently one of the largest Asian stock exchanges in the world based on market capitalisation allowing investors to purchase Taiwan based companies.
Traders on this market will gain before-hour information from 7.40am to 8.40am local time. Trading will begin at 9.00am to 1.45pm. There is also a post market session between 2.00pm and 3.00pm.
Market Capitalisation: US$1.94 trillion.
Well known stocks: Delta Electronics, China Airlines, Universal Abit, MediaTek and Thinking Electronics.
17. Australian Stock Exchange (ASX)
Beginning in 1987 before forming with the Sydney Futures Exchange, the Australian Stock Exchange is the largest exchange in Australia.
The market hosts the majority of Australia’s largest listings. It follows the country's natural resources, with many of its largest investments being in the mining sector.
Investors on the ASX can trade in shares, structured products, warrants and equity derivatives.
Market Capitalisation: US$1.88 trillion.
Well known stocks: BHP, Commonwealth Bank, Qantas, Woolworths and Zip.
18. Tehran stock Exchange (TSE)
The Tehran Stock Exchange is Iran’s largest exchange, formed in 1967.
Since its humble beginnings the exchange has become one of the largest in the world and now hosts more than 660 companies.
With the majority of its businesses based in Iran, many of the larger companies listed are oil based.
Market Capitalisation: US$1.35 trillion.
Well known stocks: Behran Oil Company, Iran Combine Manufacturing Company, Key Oil Refining, Pars Oil and Saman Bank.
19. Brasil Bolsa Balcao
Located in Sao Paulo, the Brazilian Bolsa Balcao is the second oldest exchange in Brazil.
Formerly known as BF&M Bovespa, the exchange first started in 1890, hosting some of Brazil’s largest companies.
It has since grown to have over 400 companies listed on the exchange.
Market Capitalisation: US$1.19 trillion.
Well known stocks: Petrobras, Vale, Eletrobras and Banco do Brasil.
20. Johannesburg Stock Exchange
Rounding out this list is the oldest and largest stock exchange in Africa, the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.
Founded over 130 years ago, the exchange has grown to have over 340 stocks listed on it.
It now does in excess of US$30 billion in trading volume per month.
Market Capitalisation: US$1.16 trillion.
Well known stocks: Glencore, Vodacom, South32 Limited, Discovery Limited and Bidvest Group.
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