Balance transfers, promotional rates and interest-only payments on line of credit can only put you off from actually paying off your debt, which is why it is so important to having savings set aside.
Many people think that a little debt won’t hurt, but this could also be the first warning signs of larger debt. There’s something about debt that can drive you to continue spending, even though you can’t make the repayments and eventually, all that spending will come back to you. Debt can limit you to many things, like the money you can use for retirement or the presents that you wanted to buy for your family for Christmas.
The more debt you accumulate, the more your monthly pay will increase and the less you have to spend on everything else. These things are also taken into consideration when you take a mortgage application and if you’re debt is too much, you may get rejected for a home loan which could mean that you’ll be renting until all your debt is paid off. If you’re only paying the minimum amount due on your loans, you will most likely not get anywhere because as you pay down your principal each month, the minimum payment will go down as well. The result is that you make less progress each month.
If you ever find yourself in debt, the most important thing to do is workout a budget and stick to it. This will give you a skyview of where you money is going and how much you can spend without digging yourself in a deeper hole - then you can look at what options are available to you.
- Debt consolidation - Learn more about Debt Consolidation and Repayments
- Releasing equity - Learn more about using a Reverse Mortgage to Release Equity from your Home
- Balance transfer - Learn more about Balance Transfers on Credit Cards
Joe and Lillian purchased a house 12 years ago for $287,000. They’ve been on a variable rate loan with ANZ 3 Year Fixed Rate home loan and have $130,000 in equity and $157,000 in principal remaining. They have a net household income of $64,168. At the moment they have a $20,000 debt on their HSBC Platinum credit card and $30,000 debt on their Bankwest Car loan.
Expert Advice: How to repay $50,00 in debt
See Rob’s personal site: Insight Investment and Retirement Strategies
Joe & Lillian’s core problem is that their net income is only $5,333 per month but their combined debt expenses (based on current interest rates and probable repayment schedules) are now $2,860, 53% of the net income per month.
This is comprised of the following:
- Credit Card debt minimum repayment of $600 per month (of which $333 is interest at 20% p.a.)
- Personal Loan (typically over 5yrs) now in year 4 with $775 month repayment ($275 interest at 11%)
- Mortgage of $1485 month (including interest of 6.5% $850 per month)
This only leaves them $570 per week to live on. There are a couple of options.
Option 1: Single debt Consolidation in your mortgage
The simplest solution is to approach their bank and consolidate their credit card and personal loan into the mortgage, using the equity in their home, but maintain a high repayment schedule. Their new debt will be $207,000 and on the old remaining 13 year time frame the repayments will be $1,957, up from $1,485 per month.
But the total interest payments are now spread over another 13 years which is greater than the original car and car loans interest payments were over only 5. So they still need to set a target of say 40-45% of income to service the debt.
At 45% of net income the repayments should be $2,400 per month and the whole debt now will be eliminated in only 9 years and 9 months instead of 13 years. They will now also have an extra $100 per week to live on. If they occasionally wander off the repayments they have set themselves, then they will still reduce their total interest payments from $100,000 over 13 years to say $73,000 - $75,000 over the period they do pay back the loans.
This amount is close to the total interest that the home loan itself was going to be over the 13 year period. They have effectively eliminated the $50,000 in debt virtually interest free, so to speak.
Option 2: The 18 month kill zone
An additional little twist to add value - if they really wish to kill their debt and can manage the existing repayments for just another 18 months is as follows;
1. Apply for another credit card that has a special zero interest free period to rollover the existing $20,000 card debt and repay that at the same rate as the minimum $600 per month required. All of this will go to reduce the debt, not half of it.
*Important: This is general advice only on credit card and debt management
Visit Robert Dawson's website Insight Investment & Retirement Strategies: iirs.com.au
Comparison of 0% purchase credit cards
2. Consolidate the car loan debt with the mortgage but maintain the same repayment rate added to the existing home repayment. Then with your credit card loans the new arrangement will, over 6 months, eliminate $3,600 of debt and if repeated on another credit card 6 months later will reduce another $3,600. At the end of a third 6 months they will have eliminated $10,800. There is a limit as to how long you can keep doing this and you need to get rid of the old cards as you acquire a new one with an interest free period.
If they then add the remaining $9,200 to their mortgage in 18 months, the total amount outstanding will then be approx. $174,000 at that point in time. Then set the overall repayments at the 45% of income ($2400) the total debt will be eliminated in the remaining 8 years and the remaining interest paid will be approximately only $48,000 (at 6.5%). However, great discipline is required to achieve this.
How to Create a Household Budget
One of the elements of Rob’s solution is to know how much you have available to spend. By knowing how much you have in debt, you can work out how to spend your income and what portion you need to set aside. Below is an example of how your budget can look like and the key is the make sure that your mortgage and credit card repayments are sufficient by every statement period.
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Lesson learnt - getting into debt is much easier than getting out
While credit can help you do many things like buy your dream house, get a new car or pay for the essential household items, getting into debt is much easier than getting out of it. Fees, charges and interest rates can make credit very expensive in the long term. If you borrow more than you can afford, then you need to stay in control of your finances before it spirals out of control.
8 questions with a financial advisor: transcript
We're a society that's driven by wants, not needs. It's a want society. You see all the advertising and promotion; it's all about what you want, not what you need. You don't really need a shirt with a $50 logo on it; you're quite happy with a $25 shirt. A lot of these ads tell you that you should buy these things because you're worth it, not if you can afford it. That's how people get into debt.
I think the best way to manage debt is to write down all the expenses you have in a typical week, make allowances for some of the quarterly expenses that you have and try to work out what things you don't really need to do. It might mean that one weekend a month, you need to have a poverty weekend where you don't go out and spend. That money that you save on that weekend is what you use to pay off your debt.
If you find that at the end of the month you're struggling to pay whatever bills that you having, if you find that your credit card never seems to go backwards because you're not managing it properly, then they're signs that you're struggling. What you should be doing is being far more disciplined.
For any lender or provider to report someone for bad credit, there's a process that they have to go through. If you've just missed one payment on a telephone bill or a credit card payment, that is not cause for being reported for bad credit. They will obviously remind you for numerous times over numerous months and at the end of 3 or 6 months and you haven't responded, they can then go to the credit file and report you as nonpayment. Some companies operate on a 180-day payment process and if it's not cleared up within that time, they feel it's justified to do something. Always contact the people that are tracing you and always make an effort to pay.
All loan applications can be affected by bad credit. If it's a personal loan or credit card application, that's unsecured debt that you're applying for. If you have other loan defaults from previous credit cards or mobile telephone bills, then they will count very heavily towards that application. With home loans, they may still affect your application, but they will want a higher deposit for the home loan to compensate for the risk. That's secured debt; that's a different matter.
That's very important. If they've already got a default and they don't have good credit, first thing they need to do is to access their credit reference and see what the credit authorities are saying about them. They are allowed to do that and that is required under law. If there's anything that's wrong, they should challenge it and give a detailed explanation as to why that piece of information is wrong. If there are any payments that should be made that are outstanding, or there's debt that they have actually paid off, even if it was late, then they should bring that to
their attention, as well. Don't leave debt unpaid.
First of all, it depends on what kind of credit card they're using. I'd recommend that they move to a lower rate card. Secondly, they need to do some budgeting. Thirdly, we would need to direct debit payments from their bank account to the credit card, preferably the day after they're paid, then they have to live on what's remainder. They're part of the initial steps. We may also then suggest a few things that they need to tailor their life around, like having a weekend with no spending once a month in order to get rid of the debt.
Yes. I think people should be very conscious about what product they've got and what other options there are in the market. If they start off with a low interest rate credit card rather than a high interest rate credit card, then the chances are that they won't need to reconsider what product they're using. If they've started off on a higher interest rate credit card, they need to be conscious of the fact of what it's costing them in the long-term.